Kamesh Dhamodaran

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Stem cells are unspecialized cells that have been a major focus of the field of regenerative medicine, opening new frontiers and regarded as the future of medicine. The ophthalmology branch of the medical sciences was the first to directly benefit from stem cells for regenerative treatment. The success stories of regenerative medicine in ophthalmology can(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Autologous transplantation of ex vivo cultured cells the treatment of choice for patients with limbal stem cell deficiency. The most commonly used cell sources for transplantation limbal, conjunctival or oral mucosal tissue. Protocols vary for culturing each tissue type, and there are no comparative studies on transplantation outcomes using(More)
PURPOSE Cross-talk between Notch signaling and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major driver of angiogenesis. Here we investigated the temporal effect of bevacizumab (BEV) on Notch signaling and the functional features of cultured primary retinal pigment epithelial (PRPE) cells. METHODS Human (cadaver) PRPE cells were treated with clinical(More)
The functionality of stem cells is tightly regulated by cues from the niche, comprising both intrinsic and extrinsic cell signals. Besides chemical and growth factors, biophysical signals are important components of extrinsic signals that dictate the stem cell properties. The materials used in the fabrication of scaffolds provide the chemical cues whereas(More)
PURPOSE Limbal epithelial stem cell deficiency is caused by exposure of the cornea to thermal, chemical, or radiation burns or by diseases (aniridia and Stevens-Johnson syndrome). Autologous cell transplantation is a widely used therapeutic modality for restoring the corneal surface in such pathological conditions. Ex vivo cultured limbal, conjunctival, and(More)
AIM/BACKGROUND To study the effects of ultraviolet-A (UV-A) irradiation, in the presence or absence of riboflavin, on ex vivo cultured limbal epithelial cells (LECs). METHODS The study was carried out in a super specialty ophthalmic hospital. Ex vivo cultured LECs were grown on denuded amniotic membranes and exposed to similar levels of UV-A radiation(More)
Oxidative stress is one of the key factors that contributes to the pathogenesis of keratoconus (KC). Macroautophagy is a vital cellular mechanism that is activated in response to oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to understand the role of the autophagic lysosomal pathway in the oxidative damage of KC corneal epithelium and the human corneal(More)
AIM/BACKGROUND To compare the effects of accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL) and corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) on ex vivo-cultured limbal epithelial cells (LECs). METHODS Day 14 cultured LECs were either unexposed (control) or exposed to different intensities of ultraviolet-A (UV-A) irradiance for different durations (3 mW for 30 min,(More)
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