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A proposal for the utilization of Technology Readiness Levels to the application of unstructured bin picking is discussed. A special session was held during the 2012 Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems workshop to discuss the challenges and opportunities associated with the bin picking problem, and to identify the potentials for applying an(More)
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Construction Metrology and Automation Group, in cooperation with the NIST Intelligent Systems Division, is researching robotic structural steel placement through an ongoing program entitled ''Performance of Innovative Technologies for Automated Steel Construction.'' This program, initiated in(More)
3 and were tested on more than 40 datasets * collected under different experimental conditions (e.g., different sphere diameters, 4 instruments, data density, and data noise). It was found that the orthogonal error function results in two local minima and the outcome 5 of the optimization depends on the choice of starting point. The centroid of the data(More)
The NIST Construction Metrology and Automation Group, in cooperation with the NIST Intelligent Systems Division, is researching robotic structural steel placement as part of a project to develop an Automated Steel Construction Testbed. This project was initiated in response to industry requests for advanced tools and methodologies to speed the erection of(More)
We have been researching three dimensional (3D) ground-truth systems for performance evaluation of vision and perception systems in the fields of smart manufacturing and robot safety. In this paper we first present an overview of different systems that have been used to provide ground-truth (GT) measurements and then we discuss the advantages of(More)
The National Institute of Standards and Technology " s Intelligent Systems Division has been researching several areas leading to safe control of manufacturing vehicles to improve automated guided vehicle (AGV) safety standards. The research areas include:  AGV safety and control based on advanced two-dimensional (2D) sensors that detect moving standard(More)