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We have sequenced the genome of the emerging human pathogen Babesia microti and compared it with that of other protozoa. B. microti has the smallest nuclear genome among all Apicomplexan parasites sequenced to date with three chromosomes encoding ∼3500 polypeptides, several of which are species specific. Genome-wide phylogenetic analyses indicate that B.(More)
1. Experiments have been performed to investigate the cardiovascular actions in the rat of SCA40, a novel potassium channel opener which is a potent relaxant of guinea-pig airway smooth muscle in vivo and in vitro. 2. SCA40 (0.01-30 microM) caused a complete and concentration-dependent relaxation of rat isolated thoracic aorta contracted with 20 mM KCl but(More)
Throughout Europe, bovine babesiosis is mainly caused by Babesia divergens, an Apicomplexan parasite transmitted by tick bites. The intra-erythrocytic development of B. divergens merozoites leads to haemolytic anaemia, and bovine babesiosis is responsible for economic losses in the agro-business industry. A totally efficient recombinant vaccine based on the(More)
In Europe, Babesia divergens is the major agent responsible for babesiosis in cattle and can occasionally infect splenectomised humans. Recently, we reported the characterisation of a 37 kDa exoantigen (Bd37) anchored in the merozoite membrane of B. divergens by a glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol. After phospholipase hydrolyse of the(More)
The effects of endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 were investigated on carbachol-contracted guinea-pig isolated trachea. Endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 (0.1-100 nM) induced partial dose-dependent relaxation of the precontracted preparations. The endothelin-1-induced relaxation was markedly attenuated by haemoglobin (10 microM) and methylene blue (10 microM) and(More)
On account of its strong ability to become chemoresistant after a primary response to drugs, malignant melanoma (MM) remains a therapeutic challenge. This study focuses on acquired resistance to vinca alkaloids (VAs) using VA-resistant MM cell lines (CAL1R-VCR, CAL1R-VDS, and CAL1R-VRB), established by long-term continuous exposure of parental CAL1-wt cells(More)
The Bd37gene encoding for a glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol anchored protein of Babesia divergens displays genetic polymorphisms among isolates. Five major polymorphic groups (clades) were shown by PCR-RFLP among different B. divergens isolates. Each group has been characterized according to a reference Bd37 gene (Rouen87, W8843, Y5, 6303E and 1705B).(More)
Microtubules are considered as important targets of anticancer therapy. EAPB0503 and its structural imidazo[1,2-a]quinoxaline derivatives are major microtubule-interfering agents with potent anticancer activity. In this study, the synthesis of several new derivatives of EAPB0503 is described, and the anticancer efficacy of 13 novel derivatives on A375 human(More)
The transcription nuclear factor NF-κB plays a pivotal role in chronic and acute inflammatory diseases. Among the several and diverse strategies for inhibiting NF-κB, one of the most effective approach considered by the pharmaceutical industry seems to be offered by the development of IKK inhibitors. In a former study, two potential IKK2 inhibitors have(More)
On account of its extreme intrinsic resistance to apoptosis and of its strong ability to become chemoresistant after a primary response to drugs, malignant melanoma (MM) is still a therapeutic challenge. We previously showed that glutathione S-transferase mu 1 (GSTM1) acts in synergy with multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) to protect GSTM1-transfected(More)