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BACKGROUND Life-threatening bleeding caused by early spontaneous slippage of rubber bands has been described after variceal ligation in cirrhotic patients. AIM To determine the predictive factors of this complication in cirrhotic patients. METHODS Among 605 patients, 21 patients (mean age 56.6 +/- 13.5 years) developed 23 spontaneous band slippages with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Anorexia is frequent in the malnourished elderly. We studied the effects of age, nutritional status and refeeding on the expression and secretion of the orexigenic peptide ghrelin. METHODS Four groups were prospectively enrolled: 11 undernourished elderly (80+/-6 y, BMI: 17.4+/-1.9 [Mean+/-SD]), nine well-nourished elderly (76+/-9 y,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are prone to osteoporosis. A loss of muscle mass, called sarcopenia, is responsible for an increased risk of disability. Many factors associated with osteopenia also decrease muscle mass. The aim of the present study was to measure the prevalence of sarcopenia in CD patients in remission and uncover its(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Impaired bowel function is frequent in tube-fed patients, and diarrhoea is associated with decreased faecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) concentrations. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a multi-fibre-enriched formula (15 g/l) and a fibre-free isoenergetic and isonitrogenous formula on faecal SCFAs and microbiota in(More)
OBJECTIVES A cohort of patient hospitalized for alcohol detoxification between January 2004 and January 2005 were followed prospectively to search for factors predictive factors of sustained abstinence. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred and fifteen patients (79 males, 36 females, median age 45.9+/-10.7 years), were hospitalized for alcohol detoxification.(More)
We report the case of a 46 year-old woman who developed a celiac disease and Budd-Chiari syndrome. No etiology for the Budd-Chiari syndrome was found. The patient was from North Africa. The long term outcome is favourable with a gluten-free diet and antivitamin K treatment.
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