Kamaruzzaman Sopian

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Off-grid settlements require efficient, reliable and cost-effective renewable energy as alternative to the power supplied by diesel generator. Techno-economic analysis is required to find the optimum renewable energy system in the long run. This paper reviews the application of genetic algorithms in optimization of hybrid system consisting of pico hydro(More)
This paper presents a new design of open parallel microchannels embedded within a permeable continuous moving surface due to reduction of exergy losses in magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow at a prescribed surface temperature (PST). The entropy generation number is formulated by an integral of the local rate of entropy generation along the width of the surface(More)
This paper discussed the efficient system of sustainable renewable energy for domestic used and its total cost. The method of this paper was the collection of the basic data of solar radiation, wind speed and other required input data, and then hybrid optimization simulation model was developed using the electric renewable energy software hybrid(More)
The electrical and thermal performances of photovoltaic thermal (PVT) water collectors were determined under 500–800 W/m 2 solar radiation levels. At each solar radiation level, mass flow rates ranging from 0.011 kg/s to 0.041 kg/s were introduced. The PVT collectors were tested with respect to PV efficiency, thermal efficiency, and a combination of both(More)
This paper presents an analysis of the energy exchange resulting from a 2D steady magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flow past a permeable surface with partial slip in the presence of the viscous dissipation effect under convective heating boundary conditions. A magnetic field can effectively control the motion of an electrically conducting fluid in micro scale(More)
This paper presents an iterative method for optimizing inverter size in photovoltaic (PV) system for five sites in Malaysia. The sizing ratio which is the ratio of PV rated power to inverter's rated power is optimized at different load levels using different commercial inverters models. Hourly solar radiation and ambient temperature records are used to(More)
The present study examines embedded open parallel microchannels within a micropatterned permeable surface for reducing entropy generation in MHD fluid flow in microscale systems. A local similarity solution for the transformed governing equations is obtained. The governing partial differential equations along with the boundary conditions are first cast into(More)
Vertically aligned silicon nanowires have been synthesized by the chemical etching of silicon wafers. The influence of a hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) layer (shell) on top of a silicon nanowire (SiNW) solar cell has been investigated. The optical properties of a-Si:H/SiNWs and SiNWs are examined in terms of optical reflection and absorption(More)
This paper searches to find out building of integrated photovoltaic (PV) system designs in Khartoum. It discussed technical issues and the design of an integrated PV in domestic use, within an urban approach towards sustainability in energy. PV systems can be used to develop the solar energy in almost all kinds of applications. Exploiting of solar energy(More)