Kamalesh K. Sharma

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In response to environmental and dietary cues, the C. elegans orphan nuclear receptor, DAF-12, regulates dauer diapause, reproductive development, fat metabolism, and life span. Despite strong evidence for hormonal control, the identification of the DAF-12 ligand has remained elusive. In this work, we identified two distinct 3-keto-cholestenoic acid(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are endothelium-derived eicosanoids that activate potassium channels, hyperpolarize the membrane, and cause relaxation. We tested 19 analogs of 14,15-EET on vascular tone to determine the structural features required for activity. 14,15-EET relaxed bovine coronary arterial rings in a concentration-related manner (ED(50) =(More)
Nematode parasitism is a worldwide health problem resulting in malnutrition and morbidity in over 1 billion people. The molecular mechanisms governing infection are poorly understood. Here, we report that an evolutionarily conserved nuclear hormone receptor signaling pathway governs development of the stage 3 infective larvae (iL3) in several nematode(More)
The hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSDs) interconvert pairs of weak and potent steroids, thus serving as key enzymes in the regulation of intracellular hormone potency. These enzymes may appear to drive unidirectional steroid flux in intact cells but actually catalyze bi-directional metabolism that achieve pseudo-equilibria with strong directional(More)
Aldosterone is the principal endogenous mineralocorticoid in humans and regulates salt and water homeostasis. Cortisol, the major glucocorticoid, has high affinity for the mineralocorticoid receptor; however, 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 converts cortisol to the inactive steroid cortisone in aldosterone target cells of the kidney, thus(More)
BACKGROUND Acetylcholine-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation in the renal afferent arteriole has been ascribed to nitric oxide, but the role of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs) and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (14,15-EET) are unclear. METHODS Single afferent arterioles were dissected from kidney of normal rabbits and(More)
Human 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (17betaHSDs) catalyze the interconversion of weak and potent androgen and estrogen pairs. Although the reactions using purified enzymes can be driven in either direction, these enzymes appear to function unidirectionally in intact cells: only reductive reactions for 17betaHSD1 and 17beta HSD3 and only oxidative(More)
Activated microglia regulate immune and inflammatory responses in the CNS under a variety of stresses due to infection, injury and disease. In this study, we show that a stress-inducible small heat shock protein, alpha-crystallin, induces in vitro activation of microglia cultured from newborn rat brain. Exposure of microglia to alpha-crystallin resulted in(More)
PURPOSE Treatment with abiraterone (abi) acetate prolongs survival in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Resistance to abi invariably occurs, probably due in part to upregulation of steroidogenic enzymes and/or other mechanisms that sustain dihydrotestosterone (DHT) synthesis, which raises the possibility of reversing resistance by concomitant(More)
5,6-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (5,6-EET) is a cytochrome P450 epoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid that causes vasorelaxation. However, investigations of its role in biological systems have been limited by its chemical instability. We developed a stable agonist of 5,6-EET, 5-(pentadeca-3(Z),6(Z),9(Z)-trienyloxy)pentanoic acid (PTPA), in which the(More)