Kamal Mustafa

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This invited review covers research areas of central importance for orthopaedic and maxillofacial bone tissue repair, including normal fracture healing and healing problems, biomaterial scaffolds for tissue engineering, mesenchymal and foetal stem cells, effects of sex steroids on mesenchymal stem cells, use of platelet-rich plasma for tissue repair,(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of single or multiple doses of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on attachment and proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts in a standardized, reproducible in vitro model. Titanium discs were randomly allotted to one of three groups: group I served as a control, group II was exposed to a single(More)
As different implant abutments are introduced to obtain a sufficient soft tissue barrier, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of three different surface modifications of densely sintered high-purity aluminium oxide on morphology, attachment and proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts. Fibroblasts were cultured on pressed aluminium oxide,(More)
A major determinant of the potential size of cell/scaffold constructs in tissue engineering is vascularization. The aims of this study were twofold: first to determine the in vitro angiogenic and osteogenic gene-expression profiles of endothelial cells (ECs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cocultured in a dynamic 3D environment; and second, to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Improved understanding of the interactions between bone cells and endothelial cells involved in osteogenesis should aid the development of new strategies for bone tissue engineering. The aim of the present study was to determine whether direct communication between bone marrow stromal cells (MSC) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC)(More)
Degradation characteristics in response to electron beam sterilization of designed and biodegradable aliphatic polyester scaffolds are relevant for clinically successful synthetic graft tissue regeneration. Scaffold degradation in vitro and in vivo were documented and correlated to the macroscopic structure and chemical design of the original polymer. The(More)
In the complex process of bone formation at the implant-tissue interface, implant surface roughness is an important factor modulating osteoblastic function. In this study, primary cultures of osteoblast-like cells, derived from human mandibular bone, were used. The aim was to examine the effect of varying surface roughness of titanium implant material on(More)
In tissue engineering, the resorbable aliphatic polyester poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) is used as scaffolds in bone regeneration. Copolymers of poly(L-lactide)-co-(epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(LLA-co-CL)] and poly(L-lactide)-co-(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) [poly(LLA-co-DXO)], with superior mechanical properties to PLLA, have been developed to be used as scaffolds, but the(More)
The relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease is bidirectional, but information about the effect of chronic periodontitis on the levels of the glucoregulatory biomarkers locally in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is limited. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of 10 glucoregulatory biomarkers in GCF, firstly in subjects with type 2(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on attachment and proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) cultured on titanium implant material. HGF were exposed to gallium-aluminum-arsenide diode laser at dosages of 1.5 or 3 J/cm(2) and then cultured on commercially pure titanium discs. Cell profile areas were(More)