Kam Sang Woo

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Intima-media thickness (IMT) is increasingly used as a surrogate end point of vascular outcomes in clinical trials aimed at determining the success of interventions that lower risk factors for atherosclerosis and associated diseases (stroke, myocardial infarction and peripheral artery diseases). The necessity to promote further criteria to distinguish early(More)
Intima-media thickness (IMT) provides a surrogate end point of cardiovascular outcomes in clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of cardiovascular risk factor modification. Carotid artery plaque further adds to the cardiovascular risk assessment. It is defined as a focal structure that encroaches into the arterial lumen of at least 0.5 mm or 50% of the(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of obesity in both adults and children is increasing rapidly. Obesity in children is independently associated with arterial endothelial dysfunction and wall thickening, key early events in atherogenesis that precede plaque formation. METHODS AND RESULTS To evaluate the reversibility of obesity-related arterial dysfunction and(More)
Intima-media thickness (IMT) is increasingly used in clinical trials as a surrogate end point for determining the success of interventions that lower risk factors for atherosclerosis. The necessity for unified criteria to distinguish early atherosclerotic plaque formation from thickening of IMT and to standardize IMT measurements is addressed in this(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to study arterial endothelial function and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), both early markers of atherosclerosis, in overweight compared to normal children. DESIGN Case-control comparison. SUBJECTS A total of 36 asymptomatic overweight children (body mass index (BMI)>23; mean 25+/-3) aged 9-12 y and 36 age- and gender-matched(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is associated with premature peripheral vascular, cerebrovascular, and coronary artery disease. Because homocysteine has been found to be damaging to endothelial cells in animal and cell culture studies, we evaluated the association between hyperhomocysteinemia and arterial endothelial dysfunction (a marker of early(More)
Over the past decade or more, the prevalence of traditional risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases has been increasing in the major populous countries of the developing world, including China and India, with consequent increases in the rates of coronary and cerebrovascular events. Indeed, by 2020, cardiovascular diseases are predicted to(More)
Tanshinone IIA is a compound purified from the Chinese herb Danshen (Radix Salviae Miltiorrhiza Bge). The neuroprotective effect of tanshinone IIA was investigated in a neonatal rat model of hypoxia-ischemia brain damage. Hypoxia-ischemia encephalopathy was induced in rats at day 7 of postnatal age by ligation of the right common carotid artery, followed by(More)
OBJECTIVES Paraoxonase (PON1), an enzyme associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, inhibits oxidation and atherogenesis. We sought to investigate the association of the PON1 Q192R polymorphism with stroke and heart disease. DESIGN AND METHODS In a case control study, we genotyped 242 ischemic stroke, 231 myocardial infarction (MI), and 310(More)
The effects of Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza), a popular traditional Chinese medicinal herb on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of R- and S-warfarin stereoisomers were studied in rats. After a single oral dose of racemic warfarin (2 mg kg-1), treatment with oral Danshen extract (5 g kg-1, twice daily) for 3 days significantly altered the overall(More)