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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic arthritic condition that can lead to deformities and disabilities. Although numerous studies reported the association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1*04 and RA, other genes, e.g. cytokines genes, may contribute towards disease susceptibility. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine postulated to play(More)
BACKGROUND Although multiple language versions of health-related quality of life instruments are often used interchangeably in clinical research, the measurement equivalence of these versions (especially using alphabet vs pictogram-based languages) has rarely been assessed. We therefore investigated the measurement equivalence of English and Chinese(More)
Validity and reliability of a Singaporean English EQ-5D self-report questionnaire (EQ-5D) were evaluated among consecutive outpatients with rheumatic diseases attending a tertiary referral hospital in Singapore (a multi-ethnic, urban Asian country). Subjects were interviewed twice within a 2-week period using a standardized questionnaire containing the(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the performance of 2 commonly used utility-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments [the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and Health Utilities Index mark 3 (HUI3)] in patients with rheumatic disease. METHODS Consecutive outpatients with rheumatic diseases were interviewed twice within 2 weeks using a standard questionnaire(More)
Thrombotic complications are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Studies in Caucasian populations have shown that up to one-third of such patients test positive to antiphospholipid antibodies. Our aim was to determine the prevalence and serotypes of antiphospholipid antibodies in an unselected group of Asian cancer patients(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the psychometric properties of a Singaporean Chinese version of the EQ-5D, a health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument. MATERIALS AND METHODS Consecutive outpatients with rheumatic diseases seen for routine follow-up consultations at the National University Hospital, Singapore were interviewed twice within 2 weeks using a(More)
Central nervous involvement in Sjogren's syndrome (CNS-SS) is not uncommon and has a variety of manifestations. We describe a 47-year-old woman with Sjogren's syndrome who presented with distal renal tubular acidosis with severe hypokalemia and hypokalemic myopathy. She developed progressive obtundation after years of stable disease. ANA, anti-Ro antibodies(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is one of the most widely used antirheumatic drugs for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Whereas the hepatotoxicity of methotrexate is well recognized, the hematologic toxicity, namely, pancytopenia, is still a concern and is potentially fatal. We report two cases of early-onset methotrexate-induced pancytopenia that were(More)
Sirolimus and everolimus belong to the novel class of immunosuppressant agents known as proliferation signal inhibitors (PSIs). They act by preventing antigen-driven T cell proliferation. While PSIs are widely used in transplantation, there are few reports of PSI usage in the treatment of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. The author has presented a series in(More)