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The European Union as a conflicted trade power
Abstract The EU is a formidable power in trade. Structurally, the sheer size of its market and its more than forty-year experience of negotiating international trade agreements have made it the most
European Demoicracy and its Crisis
This article offers an overview and reconsideration of the idea of European demoicracy in the context of the current crisis. It defines ‘demoicracy’ as ‘a Union of peoples, understood both as states
Ideas, interests, and institutionalization: “trade in services” and the Uruguay Round
After much deliberation, member governments of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) agreed to pursue a new regime for international trade in services as part of the Uruguay Round
The European Convention: Bargaining in the Shadow of Rhetoric
The European Convention on the Future of Europe was initially presented as a turning point in the history of European integration. This article argues that, although its composition was broader, its
Mutual recognition ‘on trial’: the long road to services liberalization
Abstract In his 1986 White Paper on completing the single market, Lord Cockfield hailed mutual recognition as the miracle formula for the much needed liberalization of services markets. Twenty years
Who Speaks for Europe? The Delegation of Trade Authority in the EU
Although the Member States of the European Union (EU) have long since relinquished their power to act as autonomous actors in international trade negotiations, they have now chosen to regain some of
The Decentring Agenda: Europe as a post-colonial power
The aim in this contribution is to amplify the call, articulated across a range of disciplines relevant to international politics, for a paradigm shift that decentres the study and practice of
Explaining the Treaty of Amsterdam: Interests, Influence, Institutions*
This article offers a basic explanation of the process and outcome of negotiating the Treaty of Amsterdam. We pose three questions: What explains the national preferences of the major governments?
Transnational market governance and regional policy externality: why recognize foreign standards?
Addressing non-discriminatory barriers to trade in the form of national standards and regulations has become central to global trade diplomacy.As a result, we increasingly observe a combined