Kalyani Jambunathan

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Post-proline cleaving peptidases are promising therapeutic targets for neurodegenerative diseases, psychiatric conditions, metabolic disorders, and many cancers. Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP; E.C. 3.4.21.26) and fibroblast activation protein α (FAP; E.C. 3.4.24.B28) are two post-proline cleaving endopeptidases with very similar substrate specificities. Both(More)
One major obstacle to membrane protein structure determination is the selection of a detergent micelle that mimics the native lipid bilayer. Currently, detergents are selected by exhaustive screening because the effects of protein-detergent interactions on protein structure are poorly understood. In this study, the structure and dynamics of an integral(More)
UNLABELLED Linezolid is an oxazolidinone with potent activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Linezolid toxicity in patients correlates with the dose and duration of therapy. These toxicities are attributable to the inhibition of mitochondrial protein synthesis. Clinically relevant linezolid regimens were simulated in the in vitro hollow-fiber infection(More)
PURPOSE Proteolytic enzymes are promising diagnostic targets since they play key roles in diverse physiological processes and have been implicated in numerous human diseases. Human blood is a relatively noninvasive source for disease-specific protease biomarker detection and subsequent translation into diagnostic tests. However, the choice of serum or(More)
Improved diagnostics are needed to detect invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, a life-threatening infection caused by the pathogenic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. We are investigating secreted fungal proteases as novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of this disease. Although the A. fumigatus genome encodes a multitude of secreted proteases, few have been(More)
Proteases have garnered interest as candidate biomarkers and therapeutic targets for many human diseases. A key challenge is the identification and characterization of disease-relevant proteases in the complex milieu of biological fluids such as serum, plasma, and bronchoalveolar lavage, in which a multitude of hydrolases act in concert. This unit describes(More)
Proteases are candidate biomarkers and therapeutic targets for many diseases. Sensitive and robust techniques are needed to quantify proteolytic activities within the complex biological milieu. We hypothesized that a combinatorial protease substrate library could be used effectively to identify similarities and differences between serum and bronchoalveolar(More)
Calnexin is a membrane-bound lectin chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that is part of a quality control system that promotes the accurate folding of glycoproteins entering the secretory pathway. We have previously shown that ER homeostasis is important for virulence of the human fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus, but the contribution of(More)
Serum has a high intrinsic proteolytic activity that leads to continuous processing of peptides and proteins. Strategies to protect bioactive peptides from serum proteolytic degradation include incorporation of unnatural amino acids, conformational constraints, large polymeric tags, or other synthetic manipulations such as amide bond replacements. Here we(More)
BACKGROUND The filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus (AF) can cause devastating infections in immunocompromised individuals. Early diagnosis improves patient outcomes but remains challenging because of the limitations of current methods. To augment the clinician's toolkit for rapid diagnosis of AF infections, we are investigating AF secreted proteases as(More)