Kalyan B. Kumar

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The aim of the study was to examine whether ACTH and ACTH-fragment 4-10, given before the test would produce a selectively enhanced retrieval of aversive memories, in the same way as preexposure to inescapable footshocks, in rats. For this purpose animals conditioned in a T-maze with appetitive (10% sucrose) and aversive (2.0 mA footshock) events were(More)
This study examined the integrity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in clomipramine model of depression. Male rat pups were treated twice daily from postnatal day 5 to 21 with clomipramine (15 mg/kg, s.c.). At three months of age, serum corticosterone level was estimated before and after dexamethasone (100 microg/kg, s.c.) administration and(More)
This study examined whether depletion of central norepinephrine produces an improved retrieval of aversive memories in the same way as pre-exposure to inescapable footshocks, in rats. Animals conditioned in a T-maze with appetitive (10% sucrose) and aversive (2.0 mA footshock) events were given a single dose of DSP-4 (100, 200 or 400 micrograms/rat) or drug(More)
This paper introduces a new concept of optimal utilization of a unified power quality conditioner (UPQC). The series inverter of UPQC is controlled to perform simultaneous 1) voltage sag/swell compensation and 2) load reactive power sharing with the shunt inverter. The active power control approach is used to compensate voltage sag/swell and is integrated(More)
This study investigated the effects of REM (rapid eye movement) sleep deprivation (RSD) on the activity of central cholinergic receptors and passive avoidance retention in rats treated neonatally with clomipramine. Male rat pups treated with clomipramine (15 mg/kg, s.c.) twice daily from postnatal day 5 to 21 were subjected to RSD procedure at three months(More)
Two commonly used antiepileptic drugs, phenytoin sodium and phenobarbital sodium, were investigated for state-dependency effects at different doses. Male Wistar strain rats trained to a criterion in an inhibitory avoidance task and a food-motivated T-maze task under varying drug and nondrug states were subjected to retention tests 24 and 48 h, respectively,(More)
Several studies in humans have indicated an association between enhanced retrieval of unpleasant events and depressive mood. No analogy has so far been demonstrated in animals, however. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of learned helplessness on the retrieval of unpleasant memory in rats. Animals initially exposed to a single(More)
Widowhood is a transitional event because the loss of a spouse is typically accompanied by high levels of psychological distress as the newly bereaved person adjusts to life without one's spouse. The critical factors related to depression in widowhood include social support, health, and survivor's financial situation, sudden versus anticipated death, gender(More)
Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) restores the distribution system load voltage to a nominal balanced sinusoidal voltage, when the source voltage has distortions, sag/swell and unbalances. DVR has to inject a required amount of Volt-Amperes (VA) into the system to maintain a nominal balanced sinusoidal voltage at the load. Keeping the cost effectiveness of(More)
Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) restores the distribution system load voltage to a nominal balanced sinusoidal voltage, when the source voltage has distortions, sag/swell and unbalances. DVR has to inject a required amount of Volt-Amperes (VA) into the system to maintain a nominal balanced sinusoidal voltage at the load. Keeping the cost effectiveness of(More)