Kalpna Chauhan

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The corneal epithelium metabolizes arachidonic acid by a cytochrome P450-(CYP) mediated pathway to 12(R)hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatrienoic acid [12(R)-HETE] and 12(R)hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid [12(R)-HETrE]. Both metabolites possess potent inflammatory properties with 12(R)-HETrE being a powerful angiogenic factor and assume the role of inflammatory(More)
The R and S enantiomers of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) exhibit different biological activities. Although they appear to be produced by different enzymatic pathways, cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase and lipoxygenase, respectively, they display similar metabolism in both corneal epithelium and neutrophils. In corneal epithelial microsomes, both(More)
One of the pathways of metabolism of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and 12-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) in leukocytes is oxidation of the 12-hydroxyl group, followed by reduction of the 10,11-double bond. In the case of 12R-HETE and 12S-HETE, this results in the formation of 12-oxo-ETE, 10,11-dihydro-12-oxo-ETE, and the 12R and 12S isomers of(More)
20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, a major renal P-450 metabolite of arachidonic acid, has been quantified in human urine using capillary gas chromatography/electron capture negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry. The urinary excretion of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid was in the low pg/ml range. However, treatment of urine with(More)
12(R)-Hydroxy-5,8,14(Z,Z,Z)-eicosatrienoic acid (12(R)-HETrE) is an arachidonic acid metabolite formed by the corneal epithelium of several species, porcine leukocytes, and human and rat epidermal cells. It is a potent, stereospecific proinflammatory and angiogenic factor and its synthesis is increased manyfold in inflamed tissues, e.g. cornea and skin. It(More)
Delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactions are initiated by sensitized T cells. Their progression is dependent upon the local release of various autacoids, including cytokines and eicosanoids, by T cells, infiltrating inflammatory cells, and resident tissue cells. 12(R)-hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid [12(R)-HETrE], an eicosanoid produced by skin and(More)
Immobilized enzymes have great significance for industrial processes. In this study whole cell immobilization of Rhodococcus pyridinivorans NIT-36 has been undertaken using chitosan microspheres as an immobilized matrix. R. pyridinivorans NIT-36 harbors a significant intracellular enzyme nitrilase. Chitosan microspheres were generated by supplementing(More)
Leukotriene B 4 (LTB4), a product of arachidonic acid metabolism by the 5-1ipoxygenase pathway, is a potent granulocyte activator proposed as an important mediator A. of inflammatory and immune responses. Catabolic processes inactivate LTB4, however, low levels of ethanol (2-10mM) interfere with normal B-oxidation of LTB4 ~ o.2oby hepatocytes resulting in(More)
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