Kalpana Narendran

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Exfoliation syndrome (XFS) is the most common recognizable cause of open-angle glaucoma worldwide. To better understand the etiology of XFS, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 1,484 cases and 1,188 controls from Japan and followed up the most significant findings in a further 6,901 cases and 20,727 controls from 17 countries across 6(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the susceptibility of female eye hospital staff to rubella infection and the potential risk for hospital-based rubella outbreaks. METHODS A prospective cohort study on the seroprevalence of rubella IgG antibodies was conducted at three large eye hospitals in Coimbatore, Madurai and Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India, where young(More)
PURPOSE Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) resulting from maternal rubella infection, especially in the first trimester, affects an estimated 100 000 infants each year worldwide. Immunisation has reduced its occurrence in the developed world, though it remains a problem in countries with poor immunisation coverage. This population-based study was aimed at(More)
Aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (formerly known as fulminate/type II/rush disease) occurs in zone 1 or posterior zone 2. Treatment involves extensive near confluent laser ablation of a large area of avascular retina. Anterior segment ischemia is a rare complication that can occur due to injury to the long posterior ciliary arteries in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Corneal infection is the most common cause of profound ocular morbidity leading to blindness worldwide. Corneal infection in children is difficult to diagnose and treat, as they are unwilling and sometimes unable to cooperate during active management. This study analyses the prevalence, microbiology, demography, therapeutic and visual outcome(More)
Traumatic rupture of an extraocular muscle is rare, and most commonly affects the horizontal and vertical rectus muscles. We report a case of a 45-year-old man injured by a metal hook, with rupture of the superior oblique tendon. The resulting deficit was less severe than expected, raising the question of whether a few superior oblique fibers remained(More)
Patients admitted to hospital with chest infections were examined serologically to see if these were due to Legionella pneumophila. Each of the 219 samples of serum collected from 177 patients was examined by two standard tests. The tests, which generally agreed, identified three individuals (1.7% of the group) who had sufficient antibody to suggest that(More)
Synergistic convergence is an ocular motor anomaly where on attempted abduction or on attempted horizontal gaze, both the eyes converge. It has been related to peripheral causes such as congenital fibrosis of extraocular muscles (CFEOM), congenital cranial dysinnervation syndrome, ocular misinnervation or rarely central causes like horizontal gaze palsy(More)
In the version of this article initially published, the following two sentences were omitted from the Acknowledgments: “Sequencing was carried out at the Millard and Muriel Jacobs Genome Facility at the California Institute of Technology. This work was supported by US National Institutes of Health grants to P.W.S. (GM084389) and to R.V.A. (AI056189), by(More)