Kalman T. Kovacs

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BACKGROUND Pituitary carcinomas are rare adenohypophysial neoplasms, the definition, diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis of which are controversial. METHODS Pituitary carcinomas were defined as primary adenohypophysial neoplasms with documented craniospinal and/or systemic metastases. The authors report a clinicopathologic study of 15 examples examined by(More)
Although histologically benign, one-third of all pituitary tumors will be invasive of surrounding structures. In this study, the relationship between the proliferative activity in pituitary adenomas and their invasiveness was investigated. Invasion was defined as gross, operatively or radiologically apparent infiltration of dura or bone. Using the recently(More)
This report describes the clinicopathological features of 16 patients with lymphocytic hypophysitis and compares the results with the published literature. There were 2 males and 14 females in this series. In 10 of the 14 females (71%), the presentation was associated with pregnancy. Nine patients (56%) presented with symptoms of an expanding pituitary(More)
Although most pituitary tumors are well differentiated, histologically benign neoplasms, their clinical behavior is known to vary greatly. These lesions are relentlessly aggressive in some instances yet biologically indolent in others, but these prognostically relevant differences in behavior are not reflected in their histopathological appearance. As a(More)
Pituitary adenomas may remain intrasellar or infiltrate dura and bone. Invasive adenomas are not considered to be malignant; in biological behavior they are between non-infiltrative adenomas and pituitary carcinomas. The latter are defined as tumors with subarachnoid, brain, or systemic metastasis. Invasion may be defined radiologically, operatively, or(More)
We describe five primary tumors of the adenohypophysis featuring mitochondrion-rich spindle cells. The patient ages ranged from 53 to 71 years (mean 61.6 years); two were female. All presented with panhypopituitarism. Two also had visual field defect. On neuroimaging all tumors showed suprasellar extension and were indistinguishable from pituitary adenoma.(More)
Of more than 3000 cases of surgically removed pituitary adenomas, 11 were defined as "double adenomas," i.e., 2 morphologically or immunocytologically distinct tumors. In 8 cases, the lesions exhibited differing histological features and immunophenotypes; in 2 specimens, distinct ultrastructural features were noted as well. In another instance, despite(More)
We report the histological, ultrastructural, and immunocytochemical features of six hypothalamic gangliocytomas associated with pituitary GH cell adenomas and/or acromegaly. In four patients, the gangliocytoma was intrasellar, and no hypothalamic investigation was performed; in two patients, autopsy confirmed hypothalamic involvement. Four patients had a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine relationships between pituitary tumors and lesion size, invasiveness, resectability, deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy, cell cycle profile, mitotic activity, and immunoreactivity for MIB-1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), p27Kip1, and p53. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred fifty-three adenomas of most pathological subtypes,(More)
This brief review summarizes various schemes which were introduced to classify pituitary tumors of adenohypophysial origin. Many different classifications were proposed. Pathologists prefer classifications based on the morphologic features of tumor cells. The gold standard is the light microscopic study of hematoxylin–eosin stained sections of formalin(More)