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BACKGROUND Pituitary carcinomas are rare adenohypophysial neoplasms, the definition, diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis of which are controversial. METHODS Pituitary carcinomas were defined as primary adenohypophysial neoplasms with documented craniospinal and/or systemic metastases. The authors report a clinicopathologic study of 15 examples examined by(More)
Although histologically benign, one-third of all pituitary tumors will be invasive of surrounding structures. In this study, the relationship between the proliferative activity in pituitary adenomas and their invasiveness was investigated. Invasion was defined as gross, operatively or radiologically apparent infiltration of dura or bone. Using the recently(More)
Pituitary adenomas may remain intrasellar or infiltrate dura and bone. Invasive adenomas are not considered to be malignant; in biological behavior they are between non-infiltrative adenomas and pituitary carcinomas. The latter are defined as tumors with subarachnoid, brain, or systemic metastasis. Invasion may be defined radiologically, operatively, or(More)
This report describes the clinicopathological features of 16 patients with lymphocytic hypophysitis and compares the results with the published literature. There were 2 males and 14 females in this series. In 10 of the 14 females (71%), the presentation was associated with pregnancy. Nine patients (56%) presented with symptoms of an expanding pituitary(More)
We describe five primary tumors of the adenohypophysis featuring mitochondrion-rich spindle cells. The patient ages ranged from 53 to 71 years (mean 61.6 years); two were female. All presented with panhypopituitarism. Two also had visual field defect. On neuroimaging all tumors showed suprasellar extension and were indistinguishable from pituitary adenoma.(More)
We report the histological, ultrastructural, and immunocytochemical features of six hypothalamic gangliocytomas associated with pituitary GH cell adenomas and/or acromegaly. In four patients, the gangliocytoma was intrasellar, and no hypothalamic investigation was performed; in two patients, autopsy confirmed hypothalamic involvement. Four patients had a(More)
Although most pituitary tumors are well differentiated, histologically benign neoplasms, their clinical behavior is known to vary greatly. These lesions are relentlessly aggressive in some instances yet biologically indolent in others, but these prognostically relevant differences in behavior are not reflected in their histopathological appearance. As a(More)
Of more than 3000 cases of surgically removed pituitary adenomas, 11 were defined as "double adenomas," i.e., 2 morphologically or immunocytologically distinct tumors. In 8 cases, the lesions exhibited differing histological features and immunophenotypes; in 2 specimens, distinct ultrastructural features were noted as well. In another instance, despite(More)
Tumor growth depends on several factors, including angiogenesis. Tumors cannot grow if new vessels are not formed to supply the cells with oxygen and other nutrients and to remove waste products. Increased angiogenesis can be correlated with tumor growth and metastatic potential in many tumor types, indicating that neoformation of vessels is a prognostic(More)
We report the case of a B-cell type pituitary lymphoma in a 65 year-old male immunocompetent patient who presented with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and central hypothyroidism and subsequently developed pulmonary lymphoma. Only three cases of pituitary lymphoma have been previously reported, one in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, one(More)