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BACKGROUND Using agonists that selectively stimulate PGE2 receptors, the adverse effects that have limited the clinical utility of PGE2 can be avoided and there may be potential for their use as therapeutic agents in the treatment of bone loss in humans. OBJECTIVE A comprehensive review of the recent literature on the effect of prostaglandins and their(More)
BACKGROUND The "babysitter" procedure combines cross-facial nerve grafting with segmental transfer of the hypoglossal to the affected facial nerve. Introduced by Terzis in 1984, the technique can produce satisfactory to excellent results. In long-lasting paralysis, nonetheless, the babysitter procedure may need to be combined with a muscle(s) flap(s) for(More)
BACKGROUND In 1984, Terzis introduced the "babysitter" procedure, a new concept in facial reanimation. It involves two stages, with coaptation of ipsilateral 40 percent hypoglossal to facial nerve on the affected side, performed concomitantly with cross-facial nerve grafting and secondary microcoaptations 8 to 15 months later. This article presents the(More)
BACKGROUND Facial nerve explorations and microstimulation of distal nerve branches during facial reanimation procedures by the senior author (J.K.T.) have yielded various observations. This prompted the authors to quantify the surgical findings with an anatomical study and a subsequent analysis of the electrophysiologic intraoperative data. The present(More)
In this article, we describe the use of chimeric free fibular flaps to reconstruct three-dimensional spatial defects in the orofacial region. Recent insights into permutations possible with the chimeric fibular flap have allowed us to achieve our reconstructive objectives with a single chimeric flap and minimise donor-site morbidity as well as operating(More)
BACKGROUND Most reconstructions for lower lip palsy focus on paralyzing the contralateral normal lip or providing static support on the affected side. The authors' unit has reported dynamic strategies for lower lip reanimation and use of 40 percent of the hypoglossal nerve (mini-hypoglossal) in facial reanimation. They report their experience with(More)
Spontaneous idiopathic facial nerve (Bell's) palsy leaves residual hemifacial weakness in 29% which is severe and disfiguring in over half of these cases. Acute medical management remains the best way to improve outcomes. Reconstructive surgery can improve long term disfigurement. However, acute and surgical options are time-dependent. As family(More)
Endoscopic assistance in soft tissue surgery may prove to greatly aid in the improvement of cosmesis and reduction of morbidity in certain procedures. The scar produced from open gracilis harvest is the most common complaint following surgery. We present five cases of endoscopically assisted gracilis harvest for use as a neosphincter and in foot(More)
A retrospective study was conducted in 75 consecutive patients requiring postmastectomy breast reconstruction over a period of 30 months. Each woman was offered one of the following four reconstructive options: free transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap (total number of reconstructions, n = 34); latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap (with or(More)