Learn More
Electromagnetic fields have been suggested to contribute to the risk of depression by causing pineal dysfunction. Some epidemiologic studies have supported this possibility but have generally reported crude methods of exposure assessment and nonsystematic evaluation of depression. Using two available nationwide data sets, the authors identified from the(More)
The paper discusses spontaneous tumor profile in albino rats bred at the N. N. Petrov Research Institute of Oncology of the USSR Ministry of Health (1981-1984). The overall incidence of tumors and that of malignant ones were shown to be 27.2 and 12.5%, respectively, in males and 47.4 and 16.4%, respectively, in females. Pituitary and hemopoietic tumors most(More)
To evaluate genetic influences on the use and abuse of alcohol, we compared questionnaire measures of the frequency, quantity, and density of social drinking, and the frequency of alcohol-induced passouts self-reported by 879 monozygotic (MZ) and 1940 dizygotic (DZ) pairs of twin brothers, aged 24-49 yr. The measures of frequency, quantity, and density(More)
Clinical studies have shown a relationship between allergic disorders and depression, panic disorder, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and social anxiety for a significant subset of patients with these disorders. The nature of the relationship, whether due to shared environmental or biologic vulnerabilities or as a result of the stress of chronic(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the nature of the relationship of life events with depressiveness. METHOD In 1990, 9947 Finnish adult twins aged 33-60 years participated in a questionnaire study, with no missing data on the analysed variables. The relationship between stressful life-events and depressiveness, based on Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) classified as(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is associated with smoking, but the causality of the relationship is debated. The authors examine smoking behaviour as a predictor of depression among the Finnish adult twin population. METHOD Based on responses to surveys in 1975 and 1981, the authors characterized the subjects as never smokers, persistent former smokers, quitters,(More)
The association of self-reported hostility with morbidity and mortality due to external causes, including suicidal acts, was analyzed in 10,586 Finnish men and 10,857 Finnish women aged 24 to 59 years. Hostility was assessed from self-ratings on irritability, ease of anger-arousal, and argumentativeness. Three groups, low (33.6% of subjects), intermediate(More)
Relationships between psychiatric morbidity and interpersonal conflict at work among 15,530 Finnish employees aged 24 to 64 years were studied in a prospective follow-up: 4 years for all psychiatric hospitalizations, 5 years for suicide, and 6 years for long-term medication due to chronic psychosis. The association between interpersonal conflict at work and(More)
We have extended linkage of the population-based Finnish Twin Cohort to alcohol-related hospital discharge data through 1985. The sample included 10,680 individual male twins > or = age 30 at time of linkage; 269 of these twins (2.5%) had received an alcohol-related hospital diagnosis. Twin analyses confirm significant genetic variance in alcohol-related(More)
Associations of psychosocial factors with interpersonal conflicts at work were studied in a sample drawn from the Finnish population using a mailed questionnaire. The sample consisted of 14,578 employees aged 24-64 years. The frequency of interpersonal conflicts at work was equal among both sexes. Our results suggest that occupational factors such as(More)