Kalijn F. Bol

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Regulatory T cells (Tregs) accumulate in tumors and can contribute to the dismal immune responses observed in these tumors. We reported that the percentage of tumor infiltrating Tregs is strongly correlated with the WHO grade of the brain tumor. We now report on the clinical follow-up of this patient cohort (n=83). Subgroup analyses in patients with(More)
The brain is a specialized immune site representing a unique tumor microenvironment. The availability of fresh brain tumor material for ex vivo analysis is often limited because large parts of many brain tumors are resected using ultrasonic aspiration. We analyzed ultrasonic tumor aspirates as a biosource to study immune suppressive mechanisms in 83 human(More)
PURPOSE Electroporation of dendritic cells (DC) with mRNA encoding tumor-associated antigens (TAA) has multiple advantages compared to peptide loading. We investigated the immunologic and clinical responses to vaccination with mRNA-electroporated DC in stage III and IV melanoma patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Twenty-six stage III HLA*02:01 melanoma patients(More)
How human CD34 + cell progenitors or monocytes can be differentiated in vitro into dendritic cells (DCs) by the combined administration of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) was first described in 1994. This boosted the enthusiasm for the use of DC vaccination in humans, resulting in the first clinical studies(More)
PURPOSE Thus far, dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy of cancer was primarily based on in vitro-generated monocyte-derived DCs, which require extensive in vitro manipulation. Here, we report on a clinical study exploiting primary CD1c(+) myeloid DCs, naturally circulating in the blood. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Fourteen stage IV melanoma patients, without(More)
Autologous dendritic cell (DC) therapy is an experimental cellular immunotherapy that is safe and immunogenic in patients with advanced melanoma. In an attempt to further improve the therapeutic responses, we treated 15 patients with melanoma, with autologous monocyte-derived immature DC electroporated with mRNA encoding CD40 ligand (CD40L), CD70 and a(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) vaccination in cancer patients aims to induce or augment an effective antitumor immune response against tumor antigens and was first explored in a clinical trial in the 1990s. More than two decades later, numerous clinical trials have been performed or are ongoing with a wide variety of DC subsets, culture protocols, and treatment(More)
Dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy is explored worldwide in cancer patients, predominantly with DC matured with pro-inflammatory cytokines and prostaglandin E2. We studied the safety and efficacy of vaccination with monocyte-derived DC matured with a cocktail of prophylactic vaccines that contain clinical-grade Toll-like receptor ligands (BCG, Typhim,(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are central players in the induction of adaptive immune responses. Upon infection or inflammation , DCs take up antigens and migrate to lymphoid organs where they activate naïve antigen-specific T and B cells. This unique capacity of DCs is exploited worldwide for DC-based anticancer immunotherapy, a therapeutic approach aimed at(More)
PURPOSE To assess the safety and efficacy of dendritic cell vaccination in metastatic uveal melanoma. DESIGN Interventional case series. METHODS We analyzed 14 patients with metastatic uveal melanoma treated with dendritic cell vaccination. Patients with metastatic uveal melanoma received at least 3 vaccinations with autologous dendritic cells,(More)