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This paper presents a model-based analysis of longitudinal data describing the impact of integrated vector management on the intensity of Wuchereria bancrofti infection in Pondicherry, India. The aims of this analysis were (1) to gain insight into the dynamics of infection, with emphasis on the possible role of immunity, and (2) to develop a model that can(More)
Previous estimates on the economic burden of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in India and elsewhere were primarily based on studies in rural areas. We investigated the treatment costs due to acute and chronic forms of LF in urban areas, where nearly one-third of the affected people live. Almost 98% of the patients with acute episodes of adenolymphangitis (ADL)(More)
Rates of acquisition and loss of Brugia malayi microfilaraemia were estimated using the parasitological data of a cohort of population in Shertallai, South India. The rate of acquisition of microfilaraemia was found to be dependent on age but not gender. The decline in the rate of acquisition of microfilaraemia in adults above 35 years could be due to the(More)
The patent period of infection which reflects the fecundic life span of the adult female worm was estimated for periodic B. malayi in south India by using immigration death model. Longitudinal data on natural loss of infection or that due to different degrees of DEC pressure in a cohort population of microfilaria carriers after a three years period, were(More)
Pools of salt water and puddles created by giant waves from the sea due to the tsunami that occurred on 26th December 2004 would facilitate increased breeding of brackish water malaria vector, Anopheles sundaicus. Land uplifts in North Andaman and subsidence in South Andaman have been reported and subsidence may lead to environmental disturbances and vector(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES During 2006, chikungunya emerged as a major ever known epidemic in India. Disability adjusted life years (DALY) is an appropriate summary measure of population health to express epidemiological burden of diseases. We estimated the burden due to suspected chikungunya using DALYs for the first time and compared between the states and(More)
The uptake of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae (Mf) by Culex quinquefasciatus and their development in relation to human Mf density were quantified by allowing a total of 1096 wild mosquitoes to feed on 13 volunteers sleeping under partially open bed-nets. For each volunteer, each hour between 18.00 and 06.00 h the Mf density in finger-prick blood was(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE In India diurnally subperiodic filariasis is prevalent only in the Nicobar district of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, with significant health problem. Sample surveys indicated that this form of filariasis is restricted to a small region of Nancowry group of islands with Ochlerotatus niveus as the vector. We therefore carried out a(More)
In patients with filarial lymphoedema of the limbs, infestation by maggots is extremely rare. We saw three patients with lymphoedema who harboured Chrysomyia bezziana in leg ulcers and in one of them 128 maggots were recovered. A course of local dressing, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs resulted in healing of the wounds. Ulcers in patients with(More)
In a door-to-door survey in Shertallai area of Kerala state in southern India, 7,766 persons were examined for clinical manifestations of filariasis. The prevalence of disease was 9.85 per cent and chronic persistent oedema (grade-II) was the predominant clinical presentation in both sexes. There was no significant difference in the age prevalence of(More)