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BACKGROUND Genomic imbalances constitute a major cause of congenital and developmental abnormalities. GLUT1 deficiency syndrome is caused by various de novo mutations in the facilitated human glucose transporter 1 gene (1p34.2) and patients with this syndrome have been diagnosed with hypoglycorrhachia, mental and developmental delay, microcephaly and(More)
We treated 22 patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) with intraventricular alpha-interferon (IFN) and inosiplex PO and followed them for 2 to 54 months. Three deaths occurred. Clinical improvement, demonstrated by decreasing scores on the Neurological Disability Index, occurred in 11/22 (50%); five patients became stable, and the(More)
Normative data for 1176 healthy, urban Turkish children were analysed for sex and social-class differences in performance of the Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST). Sex differences were minor, and were similar to those found in other countries. Social-class differences, however, in contrast to findings in other DDST studies, were consistently in(More)
Twenty-four Turkish children who had had neonatal tetanus were evaluated by means of physical and neurological examinations and psychometric tests at four to 15 years of age. Enuresis, mental retardation and growth retardation were frequent findings. The prevention of neonatal tetanus is important not only because of the high mortality rate but also because(More)
Thirty-four MRI studies of 26 patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis are reported. Lesions of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images are the most common finding; they frequently involve the periventricular or subcortical white matter. Lesions tend to start in the cortex-subcortical white matter and progress with periventricular white matter(More)
The neurologic manifestations of patients with phenylketonuria treated at different ages are illustrated in this series of 146 cases, including 9 sib pairs. In addition to well-known findings such as mental retardation, autistic features, microcephaly, and tremor, motor retardation was common and responded promptly to dietary treatment. Hypotonia and(More)
OBJECTIVES The pathogenesis of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), and particularly, the cause of measles virus (MV) reactivation following a latent period after primary measles infection is unknown. The hypothesis of other viruses contributing to the pathogenesis of SSPE by affecting the in vivo state of MV was investigated. METHODS We examined(More)
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is associated with inflammatory infiltration, neuronal loss, and demyelination. The pathogenesis of these changes is unclear. We examined DNA fragmentation and Bcl-2 expression in brain biopsies of nineteen SSPE patients to investigate the role of apoptosis in tissue damage. DNA fragmentation was present in(More)