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The syndrome of cutaneous vascular naevus, varicose veins appearing in childhood and hypertrophy of soft tissue and bone in one limb was described in 1900 by Klippel and Trenaunay [1]; later, Parkes-Weber added arteriovenous fistulae to the findings of the syndrome [2]. Bilateral involvement is not uncommon [3]. The syndrome is known as a sporadic condition(More)
PURPOSE To define various cranial MR appearances in Wilson's disease (WD). MATERIAL AND METHODS MR examinations of 30 patients (9-44 years old) with WD were retrospectively reviewed. Six patients were asymptomatic siblings. Three other patients had isolated hepatic involvement, one with no symptoms. The remaining 21 patients had neurological involvement,(More)
The pattern of inflammatory infiltration was studied in the frontal brain biopsies of 28 cases with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) by immunohistochemistry. Lymphocytic infiltration and gliosis were common pathologic findings. CD4+ T lymphocytes were often observed in perivascular areas and CD8+ lymphocytes in the parenchyma. B lymphocytes were(More)
Genomic imbalances constitute a major cause of congenital and developmental abnormalities. GLUT1 deficiency syndrome is caused by various de novo mutations in the facilitated human glucose transporter 1 gene (1p34.2) and patients with this syndrome have been diagnosed with hypoglycorrhachia, mental and developmental delay, microcephaly and seizures.(More)
Thirty-four MRI studies of 26 patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis are reported. Lesions of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images are the most common finding; they frequently involve the periventricular or subcortical white matter. Lesions tend to start in the cortex-subcortical white matter and progress with periventricular white matter(More)
We treated 22 patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) with intraventricular alpha-interferon (IFN) and inosiplex PO and followed them for 2 to 54 months. Three deaths occurred. Clinical improvement, demonstrated by decreasing scores on the Neurological Disability Index, occurred in 11/22 (50%); five patients became stable, and the(More)
We prospectively evaluated 80 patients with syncope, between January 1991 and January 1992 to determine the causes of syncope in children. There were 35 male and 45 female patients, whose mean age was 10.5 years. A single syncopal attack had occurred in 30 patients and multiple attacks in 50. A cardiovascular cause was established in 22 (27.5%) patients and(More)
We treated 22 patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) with intraventricular alpha-interferon (alpha-IFN) and oral inosiplex between 1986 and 1991. The follow-up for 56 to 108 months demonstrates a higher survival rate in these patients compared with those who did not receive alpha-IFN. However, eight of 11 patients whose condition improved(More)