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SPOROLACTOBACILLUS NOV. SUBGEN.
A motile, spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from a chiken feed. The strain is Gram-positive, catalase-negative and is a typical homo-lactic acid fermenter producing leavo-rotatory… Expand
PURIFICATION AND PROPERTIES OF LACTIC DEHYDROGENASE OF LACTOBACILLUS CASEI
1. From the cells of a strain of Lactobacillus casei, three kinds of lactic dehydrogenase were isolated. These are (i) a flavin-containing D-lactic dehydrogenase, (ii) a flavin-containing L-lactic… Expand
Studies on DL-Forming Lactic Acid Bacteria. Part III
(1)Lactobacillus sakeのラセミアーゼ形成について実験を行い,本菌のラセミアーセは一種の適応酵素であることを認めた. (2)本酵素の誘起にはこの菌が本来生成すべきL (+)-乳酸のみが有効であるが,一旦形成されたラセミアーゼはD-, L-両乳酸に殆んど同じ活度で作用する. (3) D(-)-乳酸は強くラセミアーゼ形成を妨げるし,… Expand
AUTO-SPHEROPLASTIZATION AND CELL-PERMEATION IN SPOROLACTOBACILLUS INULINUS
Tadpole-like cells of Sporolactobacillus inulinus are nothing but partial spheroplasts formed by the imbalance between cell-elongation and cell-wall formation. This phenomenon was termed… Expand
Chemical composition of the protoplast membrane of Bacillus megaterium.
TAXONOMIC STUDIES ON THE HIOCHI-BACTERIA, SPECIFIC SAPROPHYTES OF SAKE
1) Sixty-four strains of hiochi-bacteria isolated from spoiled sake have been used for this research.2) Hiochi-bacteria have been recognized to belong to the mesophilic lactic acid bacteria. They can… Expand
STUDIES ON THE PENTOSE METABOLISM BY MICROORGANISMS
1) Pentose fermentation by various lactic acid bacteria can be classified into the following two types : a) Formula (I) which proceeds according to the Fred-Peterson-Anderson system, and b) formula… Expand
DL-FORMING LACTIC ACID BACTERIA
(1) All the DL-forming lactic acid bacteria used in this research, i.e., Lactobacillus plantarum (2 strains), L. arabinosus, L. japonicus, L. brevis, and Pediococcus hennebergi, demand nicotinic acid… Expand