Learn More
HtrA (High temperature requirement protease A) proteins that are primarily involved in protein quality control belong to a family of serine proteases conserved from bacteria to humans. HtrAs are oligomeric proteins that share a common trimeric pyramidal architecture where each monomer comprises a serine protease domain and one or two PDZ domains. Although(More)
We have examined the folding and assembly of a catalytically inactive mutant of procaspase-3, a homodimeric protein that belongs to the caspase family of proteases. The caspase family, and especially caspase-3, is integral to apoptosis. The equilibrium unfolding data demonstrate a plateau between 3 and 5 M urea, consistent with an apparent three-state(More)
High-temperature requirement protease A2 (HtrA2), a multitasking serine protease that is involved in critical biological functions and pathogenicity, such as apoptosis and cancer, is a potent therapeutic target. It is established that the C-terminal post-synaptic density protein, Drosophila disc large tumor suppressor, zonula occludens-1 protein (PDZ)(More)
HtrA2, a complex trimeric pyramidal mitochondrial serine protease that regulates critical biological functions and diseases, including apoptosis and cancer, is a promising therapeutic target. It promotes apoptosis through multiple pathways, complex mechanisms of which are still elusive. The existing model of activation that emphasizes relative(More)
We have investigated the oligomeric properties of procaspase-3 and a mutant that lacks the pro-domain (called pro-less variant). In addition, we have examined the interactions of the 28 amino acid pro-peptide when added in trans to the pro-less variant. By sedimentation equilibrium studies, we have found that procapase-3 is a stable dimer in solution at 25(More)
We have examined the enzymatic activity of an uncleavable procaspase-3 mutant (D9A/D28A/D175A), which contains the wild-type catalytic residues in the active site. The results are compared to those for the mature caspase-3. Although at pH 7.5 and 25 degrees C the K(m) values are similar, the catalytic efficiency (k(cat)) is approximately 130-fold lower in(More)
In vitro DNA synthesis on a phi X174 template primed with a restriction fragment and catalyzed by the Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I large (Klenow) fragment (pol I) terminates at the nucleotide preceding a site that has been altered by ultraviolet irradiation or treatment with N-acetylaminofluorene. Termination on ultraviolet-irradiated templates is(More)
The E2 protein of papillomavirus is the key regulator of viral transcription and replication. Dimerization, which takes place via its conserved C-terminal DNA-binding domain (DBD), is critical for these functions. The presence and conservation of two histidines (H290 and H320) at or near the dimer interface suggests the importance of their roles in protein(More)
Rab11 plays a central role in plasma membrane recycling which returns cellular receptors for reuse at the cell surface. A recently identified family of Rab11 interacting proteins (FIP) includes FIP2. The C-terminal region of FIP2 is essential for colocalization with Rab11 on early endosomes and for enabling formation of higher-order oligomers. Rab11 binding(More)