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Accurate knowledge on the absolute or true speed of a vehicle, if and when available, can be used to enhance advanced vehicle dynamics control systems such as anti-lock brake systems (ABS) and auto-traction systems (ATS) control schemes. Current conventional method uses wheel speed measurements to estimate the speed of the vehicle. As a result, indication(More)
We have developed a noninvasive pneumatics-based system by which to measure heartbeat, respiration, snoring, and body movements of a subject in bed. A thin, air-sealed cushion is placed under the bed mattress of the subject and the small movements attributable to human automatic vital functions are measured as changes in pressure using a pressure sensor(More)
This paper describes a novel method to estimate sleep stage through noninvasive and unrestrained means. The Rechtschaffen and Kales (R-K) method is a standard to estimate sleep stage. However, it involves restraining the examinee and, thus, induces psychological stress. Furthermore, it requires specialists with a high degree of technical expertise and the(More)
Gait analysis is a valuable tool for obtaining quantitative information on motor deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD). Since the characteristic gait patterns of PD patients may not be fully identified by brief examination in a clinic, long-term, and unobtrusive monitoring of their activities is essential, especially in a nonclinical setting. This paper(More)
The judgment standards of R-K method include ambiguities and are thus compensated by subjective interpretations of sleep-stage scorers. This paper presents a novel method to compensate uncertainties in judgments by the subjective interpretations by the sleep-model estimation approach and by describing the judgments in probabilistic terms. Kalman filter(More)
Gait analysis is widely recognized as a promising tool for obtaining objective information on the walking behavior of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. It is especially useful in clinical practices if gait properties can be captured with minimal instrumentation that does not interfere with the subject's usual behavioral pattern under ambulatory conditions.(More)