Kaja Borthen

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This paper investigates reference to clausally introduced entities and proposes an explanation for why these are more readily available to immediate subsequent reference with a demonstrative pronoun than with thepersonalpronoun, it. New evidence is provided supporting proposals that such entities are typically activated, but not brought into focus, upon(More)
This paper investigates the use of sentential pronouns in English and Norwegian. We argue that resolution of sentential pronouns is sensitive to the distinction between forms whose referents must be in focus and forms whose referents must only be activated, but not necessarily in focus. An investigation of the distribution and interpretation of sentential(More)
Clausally introduced entities in English are more frequently accessible to reference with a demonstrative pronoun than with the personal pronoun it. This fact can be explained on the assumption that such entities are typically activated, but not brought into focus, immediately subsequent to their introduction into a discourse. However, clausally introduced(More)
This paper gives a description of the Norwegian type anaphor det ('that') and proposes a formal representation of it in the HPSG framework. This identity-of-sense anaphor is interpreted as referring to a (new) set of entities of the same type as its antecedent. Its antecedent has to be either indefinite or a definite NP that is likely to introduce a brand(More)
Two seemingly ad hoc properties of kind-referring NPs have often been mentioned in the literature on generic nominals. One is that definite singular NPs that refer to kinds (in examples like The lion is not yet in danger of extinction) denote a so-called "well-established" kind. This does not hold for all types of kind-referring NPs, though. A second issue(More)