This paper investigates reference to clausally introduced entities and proposes an explanation for why these are more readily available to immediate subsequent reference with a demonstrative pronoun than with thepersonalpronoun, it. New evidence is provided supporting proposals that such entities are typically activated, but not brought into focus, upon… (More)
This paper concerns grammatical phenomena sensitive to certain classes of nominal forms, i.e. those that encode different kinds of referential properties of the nominal. We propose a grammar component for defining and picking out such semantic classes of nominal forms within typed feature structure formalisms such as the one used in HPSG, thus aiming at… (More)
This paper investigates the use of sentential pronouns in English and Norwegian. We argue that resolution of sentential pronouns is sensitive to the distinction between forms whose referents must be in focus and forms whose referents must only be activated, but not necessarily in focus. An investigation of the distribution and interpretation of sentential… (More)
Clausally introduced entities in English are more frequently accessible to reference with a demonstrative pronoun than with the personal pronoun it. This fact can be explained on the assumption that such entities are typically activated, but not brought into focus, immediately subsequent to their introduction into a discourse. However, clausally introduced… (More)
(Early version of paper which appeared as: Clark, B. 2007. "Blazing a trail": moving from natural to linguistic meaning in accounting for the tones of English.
In the development of machine learning systems for identification of reference chains, hand-annotated corpora play a crucial role. This paper concerns the question of how predicative NPs should be annotated w.r.t. coreference in corpora for such systems. This question highlights the tension that sometimes appears in the development of corpora between… (More)
In this paper I propose a grammar component for defining and picking out semantic classes of nominals across languages within the HPSG framework, thus providing the basis for accounting for grammatical phenomena that bear on this issue. I introduce a semantic object that includes the referential index, or discourse referent, of a nominal, as well as… (More)
This paper gives a description of the Norwegian type anaphor det ('that') and proposes a formal representation of it in the HPSG framework. This identity-of-sense anaphor is interpreted as referring to a (new) set of entities of the same type as its antecedent. Its antecedent has to be either indefinite or a definite NP that is likely to introduce a brand… (More)