Kaj Scherz Andersen

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Microbial biofilms can be defined as multi-cellular aggregates adhering to a surface and embedded in an extracellular matrix (ECM). The nonpathogenic yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, follows the common traits of microbial biofilms with cell-cell and cell-surface adhesion. S. cerevisiae is shown to produce an ECM and respond to quorum sensing, and(More)
Biofilm-forming microorganisms switch between two forms: free-living planktonic and sessile multicellular. Sessile communities of yeast biofilms in liquid medium provide a primitive example of multicellularity and are clinically important because biofilms tend to have other growth characteristics than free-living cells. We investigated the genetic basis for(More)
cis-Diamminodichloroplatinum(II) (cis-PDD) and diaquoethylenediamineplatinum(II) induce histidine revertants in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 (frame-shift mutation) and TA100 (base-pair substitution mutation). A linear dose--response relationship is found with cis-PDD acting on TA98 and TA100. Salmonella typhimurium strains TA1535, TA1537 and TA1538(More)
Microbial populations adapt to environmental fluctuations through random switching of fitness-related traits in individual cells. This increases the likelihood that a subpopulation will be adaptive in a future milieu. However, populations are particularly challenged when several environment factors change simultaneously. We suggest that a population can(More)
How differentiation between cell types evolved is a fundamental question in biology, but few studies have explored single-gene phenotypes that mediate first steps towards division of labour with selective advantage for groups of cells. Here, we show that differential expression of the FLO11 gene produces stable fractions of Flo11(+) and Flo11(-) cells in(More)
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