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Text detection in natural scene images is an important prerequisite for many content-based image analysis tasks. In this paper, we propose an accurate and robust method for detecting texts in natural scene images. A fast and effective pruning algorithm is designed to extract Maximally Stable Extremal Regions (MSERs) as character candidates using the… (More)

In this paper we study the problem of learning a low-rank (sparse) distance matrix. We propose a novel metric learning model which can simultaneously conduct dimension reduction and learn a distance matrix. The sparse representation involves a mixed-norm regularization which is non-convex. We then show that it can be equivalently formulated as a convex… (More)

We construct a distribution-free Bayes optimal classifier called the Minimum Error Minimax Probability Machine (MEMPM) in a worst-case setting, i.e., under all possible choices of class-conditional densities with a given mean and covariance matrix. By assuming no specific distributions for the data, our model is thus distinguished from traditional Bayes… (More)

- Chu-Hong Hoi, Chi-Hang Chan, Kaizhu Huang, Michael R Lyu, Irwin King
- 2004

— Recently, Support Vector Machines (SVMs) have been engaged on relevance feedback tasks in content-based image retrieval. Typical approaches by SVMs treat the relevance feedback as a strict binary classification problem. However, these approaches do not consider an important issue of relevance feedback, i.e. the imbalanced dataset problem, in which the… (More)

Keywords: Sparse representation Implementations of L 0-norm Regularization term Support vector machine Kernel methods a b s t r a c t This paper provides a sparse learning algorithm for Support Vector Classification (SVC), called Sparse Support Vector Classification (SSVC), which leads to sparse solutions by automatically setting the irrelevant parameters… (More)

We consider the problem of the binary classification on im-balanced data, in which nearly all the instances are labelled as one class, while far fewer instances are labelled as the other class, usually the more important class. Traditional machine learning methods seeking an accurate performance over a full range of instances are not suitable to deal with… (More)

In this paper, we propose a novel large margin classifier, called the maxi-min margin machine M(4). This model learns the decision boundary both locally and globally. In comparison, other large margin classifiers construct separating hyperplanes only either locally or globally. For example, a state-of-the-art large margin classifier, the support vector… (More)

Sparse Metric Learning (SML), capable of learning both a good distance metric and low-dimension representations simultaneously, has received much attention recently. However , performance of existing sparse metric learning approaches is usually limited because they either made some relaxations or targeted the SML objective indirectly. In this paper, we… (More)

The challenging task of medical diagnosis based on machine learning techniques requires an inherent bias, i.e., the diagnosis should favor the "ill" class over the "healthy" class, since misdiagnosing a patient as a healthy person may delay the therapy and aggravate the illness. Therefore, the objective in this task is not to improve the overall accuracy of… (More)

— Discriminative classifiers such as Support Vector Machines directly learn a discriminant function or a posterior probability model to perform classification. On the other hand, generative classifiers often learn a joint probability model and then use Bayes rules to construct a posterior classifier from this model. In general, generative classifiers are… (More)