Kaisa I. Lehti

Learn More
Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) degrades extracellular matrix components directly and indirectly by activation of other matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). In the present study, we have isolated and characterized the human MT1-MMP gene and its promoter. The gene consists of 10 exons and nine introns spanning more than 10 kilobases (kb). The(More)
Epilysin (MMP-28) is the newest member of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family. Although it is expressed in a number of tissues, no biological substrates or functions for this enzyme have been identified yet. We have expressed recombinant epilysin in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells and found that this resulted in stable and irreversible epithelial to(More)
Membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) has transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains, which target it to invasive fronts. We analyzed the role of the cytoplasmic tail by expressing wild type MT1-MMP and three mutants with progressively truncated C termini in human Bowes melanoma cells. We examined gelatinase A activation and the localization and(More)
Human fibroblasts and HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells express membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), the cell surface activator of gelatinase A, in separate forms of 63 kDa, 60 kDa and in some cases 43 kDa. In the present work the interrelationships between MT1-MMP processing and gelatinase A activation were analysed using HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells(More)
Kaposi sarcoma (KS), an angioproliferative disease associated with Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) infection, harbors a diversity of cell types ranging from endothelial to mesenchymal cells of unclear origin. We developed a three-dimensional cell model for KSHV infection and used it to demonstrate that KSHV induces transcriptional reprogramming of(More)
Since proteolysis of the dermal collagenous matrix and basement membranes is required for local invasive growth and early metastasis formation of cutaneous melanomas, we have analysed the activities/expression levels of certain metalloproteinases in melanomas and cultured melanoma cells by in situ hybridization and Northern analysis. In addition to(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)/PDGFRbeta-dependent investment of the vascular endothelium by mural cells (i.e., pericytes and vascular smooth muscle cells; VSMCs) is critical for normal vessel wall structure and function. In the developing vasculature, mural cell recruitment is associated with the functionally undefined expression of the type I(More)
Targeting of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) to the extracellular matrix (ECM) by latent TGF-beta binding proteins (LTBPs) regulates the availability of TGF-beta for interactions with endothelial cells during their quiescence and activation. However, the mechanisms which release TGF-beta complexes from the ECM need elucidation. We find here that(More)
Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MT1-MMP) plays a critical role in extracellular matrix remodeling under both physiological and pathological conditions. However, the mechanisms controlling its activity on the cell surface remain poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrate that MT1-MMP is regulated by endocytosis. First, we determined that Con(More)
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) has been implicated as a physiological activator of progelatinase A (MMP-2). We previously reported that plasmin treatment of cells results in proMMP-2 activation and increased type IV collagen degradation. Here, we analyzed the role of MT1-MMP in plasmin activation of MMP-2 using HT-1080 cells transfected(More)