Kaisa A. Salminen

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The human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes play a major role in the metabolism of endobiotics and numerous xenobiotics including drugs. Therefore it is the standard procedure to test new drug candidates for interactions with CYP enzymes during the preclinical development phase. The purpose of this study was to determine in vitro CYP inhibition potencies of a(More)
The human CYP2A6 enzyme metabolises several xenobiotics including nicotine, the addictive component in tobacco. Reduced activity of CYP2A6, either for genetic reasons or by administering inhibitors of CYP2A6, reduces tobacco smoking. The aim was to design novel inhibitors of CYP2A6 using 3D-QSAR analysis combined with virtual screening. A 3D-QSAR model was(More)
Many clinically relevant drug interactions involving cytochrome P450 inhibition are mediated by mechanism-based inactivation (MBI). Time-dependent inhibition is one of the major features distinguishing between reversible inhibition and MBI. It thus provides a useful screening approach for early drug interaction risk assessment. Accordingly, we developed an(More)
Because of the increasing number of immunocompromised patients and due to problems with antifungal treatment, especially with the most widely used antifungals, azoles, there is an urgent need for new, potent and safe antifungals with fewer cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated interactions with other drugs. In the present study, 54 novel non-azole molecules were(More)
The cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) enzyme plays an important role in the metabolism of many commonly used drugs. Relatively little is known about CYP2C19 inhibitors, including compounds of natural origin, which could inhibit CYP2C19, potentially causing clinically relevant metabolism-based drug interactions. We evaluated a series (N = 49) of structurally(More)
Several in vitro criteria were used to assess whether three methylenedioxyphenyl (MDP) compounds, the isoquinoline alkaloids bulbocapnine, canadine, and protopine, are mechanism-based inactivators of CYP2C19. The recently reported fluorometric CYP2C19 progress curve analysis approach was applied first to determine whether these alkaloids demonstrate(More)
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