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The rhizobia present in a single arid region Tunisian soil that nodulate Medicago laciniata and Medicago truncatula were compared. All isolates, 40 from each host, were Sinorhizobium meliloti based on 16S rRNA polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) patterns and subsequent confirmation by sequence analysis of the 16S(More)
Sinorhizobium meliloti strain A5, isolated from root nodules of Medicago truncatula growing spontaneously in Tunisian dry lands, showed better growth performance under different sodium chloride concentrations than the standard reference strain RCR2011. Strain A5 has the ability to grow even at 684 mM NaCl. Two-dimensional (2D) electrophoretic analysis of(More)
A total of 45 bacteria were isolated from root nodules of sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L.) in Tunisia and tested for their tolerance to NaCl, alkaline pH and PEG-induced water stress. Tolerance limits varied from 150 to 700 mM for NaCl, from 9 to 10.5 for alkaline pH and from −0.5 to −0.95 MPa for PEG-induced stress. Three effective isolates with variable(More)
As our world becomes warmer, agriculture is increasingly impacted by rising soil salinity and understanding plant adaptation to salt stress can help enable effective crop breeding. Salt tolerance is a complex plant phenotype and we know little about the pathways utilized by naturally tolerant plants. Legumes are important species in agricultural and natural(More)
The capacity of nodulating bacteria to survive in soil containing various heavy metal elements has been investigated with the aim of promoting the revegetation of mining sites with Medicago sp. Soil samples were collected from three different mining sites and one agricultural site at a location north of Tunisia. Heavy metal composition analysis showed that(More)
Genotypic variability was assessed within six Medicago ciliaris genotypes growing symbiotically with Sinorhizobium medicae in order to identify physiological criteria (growth, ion content, and plant health) associated with salt tolerance. Response to salt stress depended on the line and the level of salt. Two lines with lower dry biomass under non-saline(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify strains of Sinorhizobium meliloti that formed either an effective or completely ineffective symbiosis with Medicago truncatula L. 'Jemalong A17' and, subsequently, to determine whether differences existed between their exoH genes. Sinorhizobium meliloti TII7 and A5 formed an effective and ineffective symbiosis with(More)
In this study we investigated effects of Zn supply on germination, growth, inorganic solutes (Zn, Ca, Fe, and Mg) partitioning and nodulation of Medicago sativa This plant was cultivated with and without Zn (2 mM). Treatments were plants without (control) and with Zn tolerant strain (S532), Zn intolerant strain (S112) and 2 mM urea nitrogen fertilisation.(More)
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