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In this paper we report the development of two attachments to a commercial cell phone that transform the phone's integrated lens and image sensor into a 350x microscope and visible-light spectrometer. The microscope is capable of transmission and polarized microscopy modes and is shown to have 1.5 micron resolution and a usable field-of-view of 150 x 50(More)
X-ray diffraction patterns from two-dimensional (2-D) protein crystals obtained using femtosecond X-ray pulses from an X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) are presented. To date, it has not been possible to acquire transmission X-ray diffraction patterns from individual 2-D protein crystals due to radiation damage. However, the intense and ultrafast pulses(More)
Current flow-based blood counting devices require significant medical infrastructure and are not appropriate for field use. In this article we report on the development of a sample preparation, measurement, and analysis method that permits automated and accurate counting of red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets, as well as allowing(More)
We report a new image processing technique for the structured illumination microscopy designed to work with low signals, with the goal of reducing photobleaching and phototoxicity of the sample. Using a pre-filtering process to estimate experimental parameters and total variation as a constraint to reconstruct, we obtain two orders of magnitude of exposure(More)
We report on the construction of a Fourier plane imaging system attached to a cell phone. By illuminating particle suspensions with a collimated beam from an inexpensive diode laser, angularly resolved scattering patterns are imaged by the phone's camera. Analyzing these patterns with Mie theory results in predictions of size distributions of the particles(More)
We report a new classification scheme with computation complexity well within the capacity of a PC for coherent X-ray imaging of single biomolecules. In contrast to current methods, which are based on data from large scattering angles, we propose to classify the orientations of the biomolecule using data from small angle scattering, where the signals are(More)
Structured illumination microscopy (SIM) is the commonly used super-resolution (SR) technique for imaging subcellular dynamics. However, due to its need for multiple illumination patterns, the frame rate is just a fraction of that of conventional microscopy and is thus too slow for fast dynamic studies. A new SR image reconstruction method that maximizes(More)
Anemia is a widespread public health problem with 1/4 ~1/3 of the world's population being affected. In Southeast Asia, Thalassemia trait (TT) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are the two most common anemia types and can have a serious impact on quality of life. IDA patients can be treated with iron supplementation, yet TT patients have diminished capacity(More)
Current flow-based blood counting devices require expensive and centralized medical infrastructure and are not appropriate for field use. In this article we report a streamlined, easy-to-use method to count red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), platelets (PLT) and 3-part WBC differential through a cost-effective and automated image-based blood(More)
We report a scheme to achieve resolution beyond the diffraction limit in spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM). By adding a grating to the optical path, the structured illumination technique can be used to improve the resolution by a factor of 2. We show that a direct application of the structured illumination technique, however, has proved to be(More)