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Zinc plays an important role in the maintenance of immune functions. The immunological mechanisms triggered by zinc, however, are still poorly understood. In our experiments Zn2+ ions, added as ZnSO4, stimulated PBMC to produce IFN-gamma, IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and sIL-2R in a concentration-dependent manner. CuSO4 and CaCl2 as cation and anion controls(More)
Sir, As early as the year 2000, we reported on the use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for IVF patients who failed to become pregnant after repeated embryo transfers (Würfel, 2000; Würfel, 2003). At that time, we administered 300 mg of Molgramostin in a single dose on the day of the embryo transfer. The pregnancy rate of patients treated(More)
Recent developments in reproductive medicine address oocyte morphology, sperm analysis and embryo selection. However, in a subgroup of infertile couples, it is the embryo implantation process that is disrupted. Diagnostic tools to identify patients at risk of implantation failure are limited and therapeutic options are far away from being established. In(More)
Zinc is essential for immunologic function; therefore, it has been postulated that elevated serum levels of zinc might lead to improved immune responses. However, it is not known whether or how serum zinc levels contribute to a clinically relevant mechanism of immunologic activation. In our studies with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and whole(More)
Measurement of cytokine secretion in vitro is usually performed in culture medium supplemented with human serum. We compared the secretion of interferon-gamma and interleukin-1 beta as a parameter for lymphocyte and monocyte activation in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with fetal calf or autologous serum in serum-free medium and protein-free medium. Four(More)
Using sequence-based typing, we have identified a novel human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*30 allele, HLA-A*3014L, with a low expression pattern. The sequence of HLA-A*3014L is identical to that of HLA-A*3001 except for a G to C substitution in exon 3 at nucleotide position 563, resulting in an amino acid difference at position 164 (Cys to Ser). Due to the(More)
Zinc is known to be greatly involved in the regulation of immune functions. Pharmacological zinc supplementation, leading to serum zinc concentrations of more than 0.025 mM, has often been suggested to improve immune responses. However, the exact influence of elevated zinc level on immune functions has not yet been investigated. We found that zinc level(More)
SUMMARY With the introduction of the next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, remarkable new diagnostic applications have been established in daily routine. Implementation of NGS is challenging in clinical diagnostics, but definite advantages and new diagnostic possibilities make the switch to the technology inevitable. In addition to the higher(More)
BACKGROUND When investigating susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a multifactorial disorder with a genetic predisposition, polymorphisms of molecules with immunoregulatory function are of potential interest. This is the first time that the polymorphisms of HLA-DR and -DQ, tumour necrosis factor (TNF), E-selectin (CD62E), L-selectin (CD62L),(More)
The disruption of disulfide bridges can decrease or abolish the cell surface expression of HLA class I molecules. Such disulfide bridges are formed by cysteine residues between amino acid (aa) positions 101/164 (alpha(2) domain) and 203/259 (alpha(3) domain). Sequence alterations in codons 101, 164, 203 and 259 have been observed in eleven HLA-A molecules.(More)