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Two guanylate-cyclase-activating proteins (GCAP) encoded by a tail-to-tail gene array have been characterized in the mammalian retina. Using frog retina as a model, we obtained evidence for the presence of a photoreceptor Ca2+-binding protein closely related to GCAP. This protein (206 amino acids) does not stimulate guanylate cyclase (GC) in low [Ca2+], but(More)
Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STGD3, MIM 600110) and autosomal dominant macular dystrophy (adMD) are inherited forms of macular degeneration characterized by decreased visual acuity, macular atrophy and extensive fundus flecks. Genetic mapping data suggest that mutations in a single gene may be responsible for both conditions, already known to bear(More)
Bluetongue virus (BTV) infection of ruminants is endemic throughout much of the US and China. The S10 and a portion of the L2 gene segments of Chinese prototype strains of BTV serotypes 1, 2, 3, 4, 12, 15, and 16 were sequenced and compared to the same genes of prototype and field strains of BTV from the US. Phylogenetic analysis of the S10 gene segregated(More)
The rapid development of a dense single-nucleotide-polymorphism marker map has stimulated numerous studies attempting to characterize the magnitude and distribution of background linkage disequilibrium (LD) within and between human populations. Although genotyping errors are an inherent problem in all LD studies, there have been few systematic(More)
Bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis is associated with increased lung transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) gene expression, but cellular localization of the source of this expression has not been unequivocally established. In this study, lung fibrosis was induced in rats by endotracheal bleomycin injection on day 0 and, on selected days afterwards,(More)
Mutations in the gene for guanylate cyclase-activating protein-1 (GCAP1) (GUCA1A) have been associated with autosomal dominant cone dystrophy (COD3). In the present study, a severe disease phenotype in a large white family was initially shown to map to chromosome 6p21.1, the location of GUCA1A. Subsequent single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis(More)
Appearance of contractile filament-laden stromal cells or myofibroblasts is a characteristic of lung fibrotic lesions. The role of these cells in fibrosis and their cytoskeletal phenotype are not fully delineated. This study was undertaken to further investigate these issues using a model of lung fibrosis. Rats were treated endotracheally with bleomycin on(More)
The aim of the present study was to define the cellular mechanisms underlying changes in K+ channel function in the failing heart after myocardial infarction. Rats with left coronary artery ligation were prepared and allowed to recover for 16 wk before study. Animals with chronic infarction exhibited marked cardiac hypertrophy and signs of heart failure, as(More)
Despite abundant evidence documenting the importance of TNF-alpha in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis, its actual role has not been fully elucidated. Recent observations also indicate that eosinophils found in fibrotic lung express elevated levels of cytokines known to be important in lung fibrosis. These findings suggest a possible role for TNF-alpha(More)