NGS (next generation sequencing) has been widely used in studies of biological processes, ranging from microbial evolution to cancer genomics. However, the error rate of NGS (0.1 % ~ 1 %) is still remaining a great challenge for comprehensively investigating the low frequency variations, and the current solution methods have suffered severe amplification… (More)
Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have dramatically improved studies in biology and biomedical science. However, no optimal NGS approach is available to conveniently analyze low frequency mutations caused by DNA damage treatments. Here, by developing an exquisite ultra-sensitive NGS (USNGS) platform "EasyMF" and incorporating it with a widely… (More)
Unfortunately, the original version of this article  contained an error. The acknowledgements was included incorrectly. The correct acknowledgements can be found below: Acknowledgements We thank Qian Liu of Tingyi Wen lab for the kind gift of E.coli W3110, and also thank Xiaoxu Yang of Liping Wei lab for helping of using RainDrop Digital PCR System.
s: The genetic diversity within a single tumor can be extremely large, possibly with mutations at all coding sites (Ling et al. 2015). In this study, we analyzed 12 cases of multiple hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumors by sequencing and genotyping several samples from each case. In 10 cases, tumors are clonally related by a process of cell migration and… (More)