Kaikun Luo

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The metabolites of Paecilomyces arovirens exhibited insecticidal activities to many inscct pcsts, including cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, hawthorn Ispidcr mitc, Tetranychus viennensis and larvae of imported cabbage worm, Pietis rapae. A comparison was made between the metabolites of P. arovirens and naphthyl acetic acid (NAA) in wheat (Triticum aestivum)(More)
The females and unexpected males of gynogenetic red crucian carps (GRCC) with the 1:1 sex ratio were found in the progeny of the distant crossing of red crucian carp (RCC; ♀, 2n = 100) × blunt snout bream (BSB; ♂, 2n = 48). The females and males of GRCC were fertile, and they mated each other to generate the red crucian carps (GRCC1) and another variational(More)
The establishment of the tetraploid organism is difficult but useful in genetics and breeding. In the present study, we have artificially established an autotetraploid fish line (F2-F8) derived from the distant hybridization of Carassius auratus red var. (RR, 2n = 100) (female) × Megalobrama amblycephala (BB, 2n = 48) (male). The autotetraploid line (F2-F8)(More)
With the pair of degenerate primers designed against the conserved regions of HMG-box of Sox gene family, DNA fragments of different sizes were obtained by amplifying the whole genome DNA samples of many animals, including natural fish, artificial hybrid fish, Aves, reptiles, amphibians and hexapods. Each sample was identified by the specific DNA-band(More)
This study investigated the gynogenetic cytobiological behavior of the third gynogenetic generation (G3), which was generated from the diploid eggs produced by the second gynogenetic generation (G2) of red crucian carp × common carp, and determined the chromosomal numbers of G3, G2×scatter scale carp and G2×allotetraploid hybrids of red crucian carp ×(More)
Polyploidy is much rarer in animals than in plants but it is not known why. The outcome of combining two genomes in vertebrates remains unpredictable, especially because polyploidization seldom shows positive effects and more often results in lethal consequences because viable gametes fail to form during meiosis. Fortunately, the goldfish (maternal) ×(More)
In many species of aquaculture importance, all-female and sterile populations possess superior productivity due to faster growth and a relatively homogenous size of individuals. However, the production of all-female and sterile fish in a large scale for aquaculture is a challenge in practice, because treatments necessary for gynogenesis induction usually(More)
Distant hybridization can combine together the genomes of different species, which leads to changes of the offspring in phenotypes and genotypes. In this study, we successfully establish a fertile hybrid lineage by intergeneric hybridization of female blunt snout bream (BSB, Megalobrama amblycephala) × male topmouth culter (TC, Culter alburnus) and(More)
Distant hybridization can generate transgressive hybrid phenotypes that lead to the formation of new populations or species with increased genetic variation. In this study, we produced an experimental hybrid goldfish (EG) by distant crossing of red crucian carp (Carassius auratus) × common carp (Cyprinus carpio) followed by gynogenesis. We evaluated the(More)
The improved tetraploids (G1×AT) were obtained by distant crossing and gynogenesis and the high-body individuals accounted for 2% among G1×AT. After mating with each other, the high-body individuals produced three kinds of bisexual fertile diploid fishes: high-body red crucian carp, high-body fork-like-tails goldfish and gray common carp. The high-body red(More)