Kaija Huuhka

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Alterations in dopamine levels and dopamine receptors in brain are suggested to be associated with treatment response in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Dopamine 2 receptor gene (DRD2) polymorphism C957T (rs6277) and cathechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT) polymorphism Val158Met (rs4680) interaction was studied in 118 patients suffering from major depressive(More)
Several studies have linked 5-HT1A C1019G and BDNF G196A (Val66Met) gene polymorphisms to major depressive disorder (MDD) and the actions of antidepressants. We attempt to show that the interaction between 5-HT1A and BDNF polymorphism predicts the risk of treatment-resistant depression. The sample consists of 119 patients with treatment-resistant MDD and(More)
The 5HT2A receptor gene (HTR2A) polymorphisms rs7997012 and rs6311 have in some earlier studies been associated with serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment response in major depressive disorder (MDD), but the findings are inconsistent. The aim of the present study was to test for an association between two HTR2A polymorphisms (rs7997012 and(More)
The apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism is associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Its role regarding psychiatric disorders is controversial. It has been suggested to affect antidepressant treatment response and response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). In the present study, the association between APOE polymorphism and response to ECT in 119(More)
The metabolism of melatonin to 6-sulphatoxymelatonin (aMT6S) and N-acetylserotonin (NAS) is catalyzed by cytochrome-P450 (CYP) isozymes CYP1A2 and CYP2C19 respectively. We studied the in vivo effect of CYP2C19 substrate (citalopram, omepratzole, or lansopratzole) on the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous melatonin by measuring the excretion of urinary(More)
The angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene (ACE) has been repeatedly suggested as a major gene affecting affective disorders and their treatment, but the study results have been ambiguous so far. The primary purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the ACE genotype distributions and treatment response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients(More)
The association of two tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2) polymorphisms and treatment response in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and the risk of depression was studied. The patient sample consisted of 119 subjects with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder who were treated with ECT. Treatment response was assessed by the Montgomery and Asberg(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) may be associated with treatment response in depression. We conducted a study on 119 patients with treatment-refractory depression admitted consecutively for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The COMT high/high genotype leads to a higher enzyme activity and thus lowers dopaminergic(More)
We studied the association between tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1) A218C and G-protein beta-3 subunit (GNB3) C825T polymorphisms and treatment response in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The sample consisted of 119 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 398 controls. Neither TPH1 nor GNB3 polymorphisms are associated with treatment response.(More)
OBJECTIVES Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been established as an effective method in the treatment of severe depressive or psychotic disorders. Its efficacy is greatest in severe major depressive disorder (MDD) with or without psychotic symptoms. However, maintaining remission after a successful course of short-term ECT is often difficult owing to(More)