Kaija H Valkonen

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The binding of therapeutically relevant synthetic retinoid derivatives to bovine and reindeer beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG) is demonstrated using fluorescence quenching and ultrafiltration/HPLC methods. Furthermore, synthesis of methyl (E)-3-[4-[(E)-2-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-enyl)vinyl]phenyl]-acrylate 4 and(More)
In plant-based food, phenolic compounds usually do not exist in their native form, but as esters, glycosides, or polymers. The native forms, however, require deglycosylation for their intestinal absorption, and aglycone has been considered to be the potential health-protecting/promoting form. The binding of the aglycones of phenolic compounds to bovine and(More)
Beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG) is a protein that binds ligands like fatty acids and retinol into the hydrophobic pocket. Our purpose was to study bovine and reindeer betaLG as transporter molecules and compare their transport properties across Caco-2 cell membrane. The reindeer betaLG has more valuable binder characteristics than bovine betaLG because it has(More)
Beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG) is one of the first foreign antigens encountered by a newborn child, and it is the major allergen causing cow's milk allergy. Heat denaturation causes changes to the protein structure, but the significance of heat-induced changes for immunogenicity or allergenicity is not known. To clarify how heat denaturation affects(More)
We have resolved and characterized three forms of human and rat hepatic class III alcohol dehydrogenase. Separations were carried out in narrow immobilized pH gradients. Both in humans and rats the three forms were visualized by enzyme staining with cinnamol, but not with ethanol. They were insensitive to the inhibitory effect of pyrazole. The isoelectric(More)
Several analytical methods have been used to determine whether ligands bind to bovine beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG). The most common methods are based on fluorescence quenching. We have miniaturised this method from a quartz cell to a 96-well plate. The miniaturisation was evaluated using retinol. The binding constants between the two methods demonstrated a(More)
Reindeer beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG) belongs to the lipocalin superfamily. Its DNA and protein sequences have been determined and showed that it had nine residue changes from bovine betaLG. Reindeer betaLG, the structure of which was finally determined at 2.1 A resolution in space group P1, crystallized in a unit cell that is both P2-like and P2(1)-like(More)
The weight of the liver and the macromolecular composition of the liver and its nuclei during bovine ontogeny were compared. The findings suggest that bovine liver growth proceeds in three phases. The macromolecular composition of the liver nuclei was found to remain fairly constant throughout bovine ontogeny.