Kaija H. Valkonen

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BACKGROUND Allergic reactions to cow's milk are common in small children. One of the main protein allergens found in cow's milk is beta-lactoglobulin (beta-Lg). Reindeer and bovine milk both contain related beta-Lg proteins, but the allergenicity of reindeer beta-Lg has not previously been studied. The purpose of this study was to analyze the immunological(More)
The present work describes a procedure for the co-purification of cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase (CSAD) and glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) from calf brain. A crude enzyme preparation was first made from brain homogenate by acid precipitation and ammonium sulphate fractionation. Subsequent fractionation of the decarboxylase preparation by cation exchange(More)
The three-dimensional structure, digestibility, and immunological properties of bovine beta-lactoglobulin (beta-lg) are modified by heat treatments used in processing of liquid milk products. Because it is not known if such treatments also modify the intestinal transport properties of beta-lg, the transport of native and heat-denatured bovine beta-lg was(More)
Beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG) is one of the first foreign antigens encountered by a newborn child, and it is the major allergen causing cow's milk allergy. Heat denaturation causes changes to the protein structure, but the significance of heat-induced changes for immunogenicity or allergenicity is not known. To clarify how heat denaturation affects(More)
In plant-based food, phenolic compounds usually do not exist in their native form, but as esters, glycosides, or polymers. The native forms, however, require deglycosylation for their intestinal absorption, and aglycone has been considered to be the potential health-protecting/promoting form. The binding of the aglycones of phenolic compounds to bovine and(More)
The binding of therapeutically relevant synthetic retinoid derivatives to bovine and reindeer beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG) is demonstrated using fluorescence quenching and ultrafiltration/HPLC methods. Furthermore, synthesis of methyl (E)-3-[4-[(E)-2-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-enyl)vinyl]phenyl]-acrylate 4 and(More)
Several analytical methods have been used to determine whether ligands bind to bovine beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG). The most common methods are based on fluorescence quenching. We have miniaturised this method from a quartz cell to a 96-well plate. The miniaturisation was evaluated using retinol. The binding constants between the two methods demonstrated a(More)
Beta-Lactoglobulin (BLG) is a clinically important antigen in cow's milk and one of the major allergens causing cow's milk allergy. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination has been suggested to modify immune response possibly decreasing the risk of allergy to some antigens in both human and experimental animals. In the present study, we have analyzed(More)
Beta-lactoglobulin (betaLG) is a protein that binds ligands like fatty acids and retinol into the hydrophobic pocket. Our purpose was to study bovine and reindeer betaLG as transporter molecules and compare their transport properties across Caco-2 cell membrane. The reindeer betaLG has more valuable binder characteristics than bovine betaLG because it has(More)
Human myelin was isolated from the white matter of autopsy brains. Myelin proteins were characterized by isoelectric focusing in ultrathin slab gels in a pH range from 3.5 to 10 after solubilization with urea and Nonidet P 40. The protein profile in the acidic region (pH below 6.2) revealed at least twelve faint bands which comprised only a few percent of(More)