Kaichiro Kamiya

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Knowledge of the initiation of electrical and contractile activity in the embryonic heart relies to a large extent on data obtained in chicken. In recent years, molecular biological techniques have raised an interest in mouse physiology, including early embryonic development. We studied action potentials and the occurrence of one of the pacemaker currents,(More)
Transplant of immature cardiomyocytes is recently attracting a great deal of interest as a new experimental strategy for the treatment of failing hearts. Full understanding of normal cardiomyogenesis is essential to make this regenerative therapy feasible. We analyzed the molecular and functional changes of Ca(2+) handling proteins during development of the(More)
Vesnarinone, a cardiotonic agent, blocks I(Kr) and, unlike other I(Kr) blockers, produces a frequency-dependent prolongation of action potential duration (APD). To elucidate the mechanisms, we studied the effects of vesnarinone on HERG, the cloned human I(Kr) channel, heterologously expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Vesnarinone caused a(More)
The complex profile of amiodarone actions on the electrophysiological properties of cardiac cells reviewed in this article may be summarized as follows. As acute effects, amiodarone inhibits both inward and outward currents. The inhibition of inward Na+ and Ca2+ currents is enhanced in a use- and voltage-dependent manner, resulting in suppression of(More)
Heart disease remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Owing to the limited regenerative capacity of heart tissue, cardiac regenerative therapy has emerged as an attractive approach. Direct reprogramming of human cardiac fibroblasts (HCFs) into cardiomyocytes may hold great potential for this purpose. We reported previously that induced(More)
BACKGROUND Class III antiarrhythmic agents commonly exhibit reverse frequency-dependent prolongation of the action potential duration (APD). This is undesirable because of the danger of bradycardia-related arrhythmias and the limited protection against ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The effects of blockade of separate components of delayed rectifier K(+)(More)
Drug-induced block of cardiac hERG K+ channels causes acquired long QT syndrome. Here, we characterized the molecular mechanism of hERG block by two low-potency drugs (Nifekalant and bepridil) and two high-potency drugs 1-[2-(6-methyl-2pyridyl)ethyl]-4-(4-methylsulfonyl aminobenzoyl)piperidine (E-4031) and dofetilide). Channels were expressed in Xenopus(More)
Amiodarone is the most promising drug in the treatment of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients with significant structural heart disease. The pharmacologic profile of amiodarone is complex and much remains to be clarified about its short- and long-term actions on multiple molecular targets. This article reviews electrophysiologic(More)
Subdural hematoma (SDH) was observed in 15 of 484 cases of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). There were four males and 11 females, with ages ranging from 39 to 75 years. The clinical grades (Hunt and Hess) on admission were 11 in three cases, III in two, IV in four, and V in six. The ruptured aneurysms were located in the middle cerebral artery(More)
Effects of ATP on junctional conductance (gj) were investigated in paired ventricular myocytes isolated from guinea pig hearts. One cell of the pair was voltage-clamped with a single-patch pipette, and gj was measured after the perforation of the nonjunctional membrane of the partner cell. The current-voltage relation of gj was linear between -30 and +30(More)