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Direct magnetic resonance phase images acquired at high field have been shown to yield superior gray and white matter contrast up to 10-fold higher compared to conventional magnitude images. However, the underlying contrast mechanism is not yet understood. This study demonstrates that the water resonance frequency is directly shifted by water-macromolecule(More)
A new approach to measure activation-related changes in the brain by magnetic resonance is described offering high temporal resolution of 10-100 measurements per second. This is achieved by simultaneous multi-channel reception where the spatial resolution during continuous observation is determined by the sensitive volume of each coil alone without any(More)
Brain stimulation with low-frequency stimulation (LFS) is emerging as an alternative treatment for refractory epilepsy. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of LFS targeting the hippocampal CA3 subfield in different modes on amygdala-kindled seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats. When fully kindled seizures were achieved by daily electrical(More)
Neuromodulation with low-frequency stimulation (LFS), of brain structures other than epileptic foci, is effective in inhibiting seizures in animals and patients, whereas selection of targets for LFS requires further investigation. The hippocampal CA(3) subfield is a key site in the circuit of seizure generation and propagation. The present study aimed to(More)
Ian E. H. Yen 1 * IANYEN@CS.UTEXAS.EDU Xiangru Huang 1 * XRHUANG@CS.UTEXAS.EDU Kai Zhong 2 ZHONGKAI@ICES.UTEXAS.EDU Pradeep Ravikumar 1,2 PRADEEPR@CS.UTEXAS.EDU Inderjit S. Dhillon 1,2 INDERJIT@CS.UTEXAS.EDU * Both authors contributed equally. 1 Department of Computer Science, University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712, USA. 2 Institute for Computational(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the possibility that local injury to the endometrium in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycle improves the incidence of embryo implantation and to analyze the gene expression profile in the endometria of pregnant and nonpregnant patients in in vitro fertilization/embryo transfer (IVF-ET). DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING A(More)
Increasing evidence has implicated the membrane protein CD36 (FAT) in binding and transport of long chain fatty acids (FA). To determine the physiological role of CD36, we examined effects of its overexpression in muscle, a tissue that depends on FA for its energy needs and is responsible for clearing a major fraction of circulating FA. Mice with CD36(More)
Previous studies have applied balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) to functional brain imaging. Methods that exploit the strong frequency dependence of the MR signal in the bSSFP transition band are strongly affected by field inhomogeneity and frequency drifts. Recent bSSFP studies using "on-resonance" (in the bSSFP passband) acquisition claimed(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in the white matter of the brain may occur in individuals with schizophrenia as well as with normal aging. Therefore, elderly schizophrenic patients may suffer further cognitive decline as they age. This study determined whether elderly schizophrenia participants, especially those with declined cognitive function (Clinical Dementia(More)
Low-frequency stimulation (LFS) has been considered as an option for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. However, previous data showed that LFS of certain brain regions only exerts its effect within a very narrow therapeutic time window, which lasts from seconds to tens of seconds, thus restricting its clinical application. The present study was designed(More)