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Autophagy, a highly conserved process conferring cytoprotection against stress, contributes to the progression of cerebral ischemia. β-arrestins are multifunctional proteins that mediate receptor desensitization and serve as important signaling scaffolds involved in numerous physiopathological processes. Here, we show that both ARRB1 (arrestin, β 1) and(More)
Keywords: Wind energy Offshore wind turbine Support structure Incremental wind-wave analysis Extreme loading Mean return period Probability of failure Reliability Structural capacity Pushover a b s t r a c t Offshore wind turbine (OWT) support structures are subjected to non-proportional environmental wind and wave load patterns with respect to increases in(More)
We examined the molecular basis of virulence of pandemic H1N1/09 influenza viruses by reverse genetics based on two H1N1/09 virus isolates (A/California/04/2009 [CA04] and A/swine/Shandong/731/2009 [SD731]) with contrasting pathogenicities in mice. We found that four amino acid mutations (P224S in the PA protein [PA-P224S], PB2-T588I, NA-V106I, and(More)
H9N2 influenza viruses with an A316S substitution in hemagglutinin (HA) and a shorter neuraminidase (NA) stalk have become predominant in China. The A316S was shown to increase HA cleavage efficiency when combined with short stalk NA, and the short stalk NA improved NA enzyme activity and release of virus from erythrocytes. Single mutations or combinations(More)
Contaminated vaccine is one unexpected and potential origin of virus infection. In order to investigate the most likely cause of disease in a broiler breeder company of Shandong Province, all 17 batches of live-virus vaccines used in the affected flocks and 478 tissue samples were tested by dot-blot hybridization, nested PCR, and IFA. The results suggested(More)
Cerebral ischemia is a severe outcome that could cause cognitive and motor dysfunction, neurodegenerative diseases and even acute death. Although the existence of autophagy in cerebral ischemia is undisputable, the consensus has not yet been reached regarding the exact functions and influence of autophagy in cerebral ischemia. Whether the activation of(More)
Our previous in vitro studies suggested that cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling prevents adriamycin (ADR) and puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-induced apoptosis in podocytes. As cAMP is an important second messenger and plays a key role in cell proliferation, differentiation and cytoskeleton formation via protein kinase A (PKA) or exchange protein directly(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous in vitro studies suggested that cyclin AMP (cAMP) signaling protects against podocyte injury. However, the molecular mechanisms remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to explore the role of forskolin, an agonist for adenylate cyclase, on ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) phosphorylation and chloride intracellular channel 5 (CLIC5)(More)
Ammonium nitrate explosives are used in mining operations at Diavik Diamond Mines Inc. in the Northwest Territories, Canada. Residual nitrogen is washed into the mine pit and piped to a nearby retention pond where its removal is accomplished by microbial activity prior to a final water treatment step and release into the sub-Arctic lake, Lac de Gras.(More)
Varied doses of Taishan Pinus massoniana pollen polysaccharide (TPPPS) and Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) extracted by hot water extraction and ethanol precipitation method were added to the vaccine in order to prepare polysaccharide-rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD) tissue inactivated vaccine. The purpose was to study effects of TPPPS on immune response(More)