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OBJECTIVE To compare the treatment outcomes of intensity-modulated radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost (IMRT-SIB) alone to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS From November 2001 to December 2009, 333 patients with pathologically diagnosed, locoregionally advanced NPC were(More)
Neither the mechanisms that govern lip morphogenesis nor the cause of cleft lip are well understood. We report that genetic inactivation of Lrp6, a co-receptor of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway, leads to cleft lip with cleft palate. The activity of a Wnt signaling reporter is blocked in the orofacial primordia by Lrp6 deletion in mice. The(More)
During blastocyst formation the segregation of the inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm is governed by the mutually antagonistic effects of the transcription factors Oct4 and Cdx2. Evidence indicates that suppression of Oct4 expression in the trophectoderm is mediated by Cdx2. Nonetheless, the underlying epigenetic modifiers required for Cdx2-dependent(More)
Enhancement of the endocannabinoid (EC) system may reduce anticipatory nausea (AN). The experiments evaluated the potential of the dual fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)/monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) inhibitor, JZL195, on its own and combined with anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) to reduce contextually elicited gaping, a measure of AN in(More)
BACKGROUND Human induced pluripotent stem cells (IPSCs) have enormous potential in the development of cellular models of human disease and represent a potential source of autologous cells and tissues for therapeutic use. A question remains as to the biological age of IPSCs, in particular when isolated from older subjects. Studies of cloned animals indicate(More)
With the increasing worldwide incidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD), there is a critical need for the discovery of more effective diagnostic methods. However, development of diagnostic tools in AD has been hindered by obstacles such as the absence of exact biomarkers. Apoptosis caused by amyloid-β (Aβ) plays an important role in AD pathology; therefore,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the ability of decision making under ambiguity condition in epileptics. METHODS Twenty-five epileptics (EP) at our hospital during June 2011 to March 2012 and 25 healthy controls (HC) were surveyed by Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) with ambiguous probability. Statistical analyses were performed with analysis of variance (ANOVA) and(More)
The imbalance of cell pro-death and pro-survival signaling pathways determines the neuronal fate during cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the biological mechanisms regulating the balance between activation of the pro-death or the pro-survival signaling pathways remain unclear. In this study, a rat model of I/R injury was established using(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of acute bronchiolitis in infants and the elderly. Furthermore, epidemiological data suggest that RSV infection during infancy is a potent trigger of subsequent wheeze and asthma development. However, the mechanism by which RSV contributes to asthma is complex and remains largely unknown.(More)
Differentially expressed genes between corresponding normal and cancertissue can advance our understanding of the molecular basis of malignancy and potentially serve as biomarkers or prognostic markers of malignancy. To identify differentially expressed genes in prostate cancer, we used a procedure combining electronic expression profiling of the prostate(More)