Kai Stephan Paulus

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OBJECTIVE (1) To assess cognitive function and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) involvement in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis; (2) to monitor disease evolution, cognitive dysfunction, and cerebral lesion burden over time (mean 8.5 year follow up period); (3) to study the relation between clinical, neuropsychological, and MRI data. On follow(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationship between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and cognitive function by means of oddball event-related potentials (ERPs) and to determine the usefulness of this methodology in the cognitive status assessment of physically disabled patients. METHODS Visual and auditory oddball ERPs were recorded in 16 consecutive(More)
Cerebellar pathology commonly shows important motor signs and less evident cognitive dysfunction. The ’cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome’ is characterised by impairment on executive function, spatial cognition, language and behaviour. We report the case of a man with acute onset of transitory motor features and severe mental disorders. Cranial CT and(More)
Long-standing overt ventriculomegaly in adults (LOVA) is a clinical entity characterized by chronic hydrocephalus with infant onset, slow evolution and clinical disturbances during adulthood. Few cases are reported in literature describing the evident contrast between the severity of hydrocephalus and the relatively spared neurological functioning and(More)
OBJECTIVE To study brainstem function in Parkinson's Disease (PD) at different stages, through a battery of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) and compare the results with scores on clinical scales assessing the presence of symptoms linked to brainstem involvement. METHODS Cervical, masseter and ocular VEMPs were recorded in patients with early(More)
To contribute to the differentiation of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET), we compared two different artificial neural network classifiers using 123I-FP-CIT SPECT data, a probabilistic neural network (PNN) and a classification tree (ClT). 123I-FP-CIT brain SPECT with semiquantitative analysis was performed in 216 patients: 89 with ET, 64(More)
We report the first instance of restless legs syndrome (RLS) associated with periodic limb movements (PLM) and disruption of sleep architecture occurring in a patient following ischemic infarction in the right lenticulostriate region. Recently, a role for the basal ganglia-brainstem system in the control of motor behaviors and in the regulation of(More)
1. Conflicting reports are available regarding the sensitivity of patients with Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) to risperidone. 2. The authors studied a rare familial case of probable DLB, who developed a documented episode of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) following the exposure to risperidone. Previously, the patient had had an episode of NMS on(More)
Brainstem degeneration in Parkinson’s disease (PD) may explain the occurrence of many non-motor symptoms in this condition. Purposes of the present work were to investigate brainstem function in PD through a battery of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) allowing a comprehensive brainstem exploration and to correlate VEMP findings with symptoms(More)
To evaluate possible cause-effect relationships between hyperostosis frontalis interna and cognitive dysfunction, we performed a neurophysiological (event-related potentials, ERPs) and neuropsychological study in a case of Morgagni-Stewart-Morel (MSM) syndrome associated with frontal lobe compression. Neuropsychological evaluation evidenced selective(More)