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Diffuse astrocytoma of World Health Organization (WHO) grade II has an inherent tendency to spontaneously progress to anaplastic astrocytoma WHO grade III or secondary glioblastoma WHO grade IV. We explored the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in glioma progression by investigating the expression profiles of 157 miRNAs in four patients with primary WHO grade II(More)
Proteome analysis is a fundamental step in systematic functional genomics. Here we have resolved 8,767 proteins from the mouse brain proteome by large-gel two-dimensional electrophoresis. We detected 1,324 polymorphic proteins from the European collaborative interspecific backcross. Of these, we mapped 665 proteins genetically and identified 466 proteins by(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatic cirrhosis is a life-threatening disease arising from different chronic liver disorders. One major cause for hepatic cirrhosis is chronic hepatitis C. Chronic hepatitis C is characterized by a highly variable clinical course, with at least 20% developing liver cirrhosis within 40 years. Only liver biopsy allows a reliable evaluation of the(More)
Difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) was invented to circumvent the inherent variability of 2-DE. This variability is a natural consequence of separating thousands of proteins over a large space, such as a 15 x 20 cm slab of polyacrylamide gel. The originators of 2-DE envisioned being able to compare cancerous cells and normal cells to understand what(More)
In order to identify new molecular markers for pancreatic intra-epithelial neoplasias (PanINs), the precursor lesions of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, we established a proteomics approach analysing microdissected PanIN cells. Due to the limited amount of proteins available from microdissection, we developed a procedure including fluorescence dye(More)
Leaf senescence represents the final stage of leaf development and is associated with fundamental changes on the level of the proteome. For the quantitative analysis of changes in protein abundance related to early leaf senescence, we designed an elaborate double and reverse labeling strategy simultaneously employing fluorescent two-dimensional DIGE as well(More)
Loss of renal function is often associated with the injury of kidney glomeruli. It is therefore necessary to understand the mechanisms leading to progressive glomerular diseases; this may be addressed using proteomics. Until now, however, analysis of the glomeruli proteome using 2-DE has been technically hampered by low protein yields from scarce samples.(More)
Ageing is influenced by the intrinsic disposition delineating what is maximally possible and extrinsic factors determining how that frame is individually exploited. Intrinsic and extrinsic ageing processes act on the dermis, a post-mitotic skin compartment mainly consisting of extracellular matrix and fibroblasts. Dermal fibroblasts are long-lived cells(More)
MOTIVATION Proteomics has particularly evolved to become of high interest for the field of biomarker discovery and drug development. Especially the combination of liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (LC/MS) has proven to be a powerful technique for analyzing protein mixtures. Clinically orientated proteomic studies will have to compare hundreds of(More)
Comprehensive molecular profiling of human tumor tissue specimens at the DNA, mRNA and protein level is often obstructed by a limited amount of available material. Homogenization of frozen tissue samples in guanidine isothiocyanate followed by ultracentrifugation over cesium chloride allows the simultaneous extraction of high-molecular weight DNA and RNA.(More)