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Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is usually considered an important mechanism of action for immunotherapy with human IgG1 but not IgG2 Abs. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) Ab panitumumab represents the only human IgG2 Ab approved for immunotherapy and inhibition of EGF-R signaling has been described as its principal mechanism of(More)
alpha-Aryl ketones react with vinamidinium hexafluorophosphate salts to give access to the corresponding 3-arylpyridines. The annulation reactions proceed in good to excellent yields with vinamidinium salts containing electron-withdrawing groups at the beta-position (R(2)). The reaction was applied to the preparation of the COX-2 specific inhibitor(More)
Artemisinin is an important antimalarial drug, but, at present, the environmental and economic costs of its semi-synthetic production are relatively high. Most of these costs lie in the final chemical steps, which follow a complex acid- and photo-catalysed route with oxygenation by both singlet and triplet oxygen. We demonstrate that applying the principles(More)
A number of synthetic strategies to the Cox-2 specific inhibitor 1 have been described. These studies have led to the identification of a novel pyridine construction using annulation of ketone 2 using a vinamidinium species 29 and ammonia in 97% assay yield. Three approaches to the synthesis of ketone 2 are described that allow for its preparation in large(More)
An efficient stereoselective synthesis of the orally active NK(1) receptor antagonist Aprepitant is described. A direct condensation of N-benzyl ethanolamine with glyoxylic acid yielded a 2-hydroxy-1,4-oxazin-3-one which was activated as the corresponding trifluoroacetate. A Lewis acid mediated coupling with enantiopure(More)
[reaction: see text] The Mitsunobu cyclodehydration of chiral phenethane-1,2-diols (4), readily accessed from the styrene derivative (5), has been demonstrated to provide the corresponding styrene oxides (2) with high levels of stereoretention (up to 99%). Optimized reaction conditions are described, from which the combination of tricyclohexylphosphine(More)
The high diastereoselectivity of the hydrogenation of artemisinate by diazene to form dihydroartemisinate (diastereoselective ratio, dr, 97:3) necessary for efficient production of artemisin has been rationalized by state-of-the-art DFT calculations and identification of the noncovalent interactions by coupled ELF/NCI analysis. Remarkably, a single(More)
BACKGROUND Antibody (Ab)-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is considered to be a relevant mechanism of action of Ab-based tumor therapies. However, knowledge about ADCC capacity of dialysis patients (DP) is limited. The aim of our study was to investigate if ADCC capacity of effector cells obtained from DP differed from those of healthy individuals(More)