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Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that functions as a chloride channel. Nucleotide-binding domain 1 (NBD1), one of two ABC domains in CFTR, also contains sites for the predominant CF-causing mutation and, potentially, for regulatory phosphorylation. We have determined crystal structures(More)
The targets of the Structural GenomiX (SGX) bacterial genomics project were proteins conserved in multiple prokaryotic organisms with no obvious sequence homolog in the Protein Data Bank of known structures. The outcome of this work was 80 structures, covering 60 unique sequences and 49 different genes. Experimental phase determination from proteins(More)
MOT1 is an essential Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein and a member of the SNF2/SWI2 family of ATPases. MOT1 functions by removing TATA-binding protein (TBP) from DNA, and as a consequence, MOT1 can regulate transcription both in vitro and in vivo. Here we describe the in vivo and in vitro activities of MOT1 deletion and substitution mutants. The results(More)
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase required for signaling from immunoreceptors in various hematopoietic cells. Phosphorylation of two tyrosine residues in the activation loop of the Syk kinase catalytic domain is necessary for signaling, a phenomenon typical of tyrosine kinase family members. Syk in vitro enzyme activity,(More)
The discovery of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) has provided an enormous impetus to the HIV vaccine research and to entire immunology. The bNAber database at http://bNAber.org provides open, user-friendly access to detailed data on the rapidly growing list of HIV bNAbs, including neutralization profiles, sequences and three-dimensional structures(More)
1. Dihydrodiol dehydrogenase activities were investigated in rabbit liver. Using a five-step purification scheme, eight isoenzymes of dihydrodiol dehydrogenase with isoelectric points of 5.55-9.3 and promoter molecular masses of 34-35 kDa were purified to apparent homogeneity and designated CF-1 to CF-6, CM-1 and CM-2. 2. CF-1 and CF-2 had near-neutral(More)
The development of stabilized recombinant HIV envelope trimers that mimic the virion surface molecule has increased enthusiasm for a neutralizing antibody (nAb)-based HIV vaccine. However, there is limited experience with recombinant trimers as immunogens in nonhuman primates, which are typically used as a model for humans. Here, we tested multiple(More)
A highly active preparation of rat liver dihydrodiol/3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase was obtained using a newly developed, rapid purification scheme involving affinity chromatography on Red Sepharose. Depending on the coenzyme present, the purified enzyme was found to catalyse the oxidation of dihydrodiols and steroids or the reduction of substrates(More)
Spermiophages and leukophages were found in teratozoospermic canine semen. Spermiophagy was the role of neutrophilic granulocytes. Leukophages are believed to be oversize macrophages transformed by and released from a chronic inflammatory lesion in the pelvic urethra or the prostate. The term leukophages was adopted to indicate that the cells phagocytize(More)
Treatment of male Fischer 344 rats with various hypolipidemic drugs of different peroxisome proliferating potency (1-benzylimidazole, acetylsalicylic acid, clofibrate, tiadenol) led to an induction of liver lauric acid hydroxylase, whereas probucol, which is not a peroxisome proliferator, did not induce this enzyme. Activity of bilirubin(More)