Kai Michael Toellner

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Immunoglobulin (Ig) class switch recombination is associated with the production and splicing of germline IgCH messenger RNA transcripts. Levels of gamma 1 transcripts in mouse spleen sections were assessed by semiquantitative analysis of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products during primary and secondary antibody responses to(More)
Recirculating virgin CD4+ T cells spend their life migrating between the T zones of secondary lymphoid tissues where they screen the surface of interdigitating dendritic cells. T-cell priming starts when processed peptides or superantigen associated with class II MHC molecules are recognised. Those primed T cells that remain within the lymphoid tissue move(More)
X-linked immunodeficient (Xid) mice carry a Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) mutation and exhibit a selective failure to produce antibodies against bacterial capsular polysaccharides. Studies in vitro point to a fundamental survival defect of Xid B cells after receptor cross-linking by thymus-independent type-2 (TI-2) antigen because B cells undergo apoptosis(More)
During T cell-dependent antibody responses lymph node B cells differentiate either to plasmablasts that grow in the medullary cords, or to blasts that proliferate in follicles forming germinal centers. Many plasmablasts differentiate to plasma cells locally, but some leave the medullary cords and migrate to downstream lymph nodes. To assess the basis for(More)
In this paper we describe a new activity of LPS and partial structures: the induction of DNA synthesis and lymphokine production of human T lymphocytes. The LPS-induced T cell proliferation is dose dependent and requires 100 to 10,000 ng/ml of LPS or synthetic lipid A (compound 506) for optimal stimulation. In contrast, the synthetic lipid A precursor Ia(More)
Differentiating agents regulate the proliferation and myeloid maturation of HL60 cells by mechanisms that are at least partly independent (Drayson et al., (2001), Exp. Cell Res. 266, 126-134). We have investigated whether halting HL60 cells in G1 or S phase influences their commitment to or maturation along the neutrophil and monocyte pathways. Early G1 and(More)
Cytokine gene expression was investigated in the germinal centre constituents of follicular dendritic cells and germinal centre T cells and compared to the mRNA expression of nongerminal centre tonsillar cells. Cells were isolated from human tonsils by preenrichment with MACS and subsequent FACS sorting. Cytokine gene expression was investigated by(More)
Mouse mammary tumor virus has developed strategies to exploit the immune response. It requires vigorous immune stimulation to achieve efficient infection. The infected antigen-presenting cells present a viral superantigen on the cell surface which stimulates strong CD4-mediated T-cell help but CD8 T-cell responses are undetectable. Despite the high(More)
A PCR method is described for determining the expression of multiple heterogeneous mRNAs from single cells. The total mRNA pool of a single selected cell is subjected to reverse transcription and subsequent tailing with poly(dA). This cDNA is preamplified by a sequence non-specific PCR protocol using oligo(dT)-containing primers. The single cell cDNA(More)
BACKGROUND Leprosy represents a spectrum of clinical manifestations that reflect the immune response to antigens of Mycobacterium leprae. The tuberculoid form of leprosy, which is characterized by an organized development of granulomas, has recently been correlated with a Th1-like immune response. The lepromatous form of leprosy, with a characteristic lack(More)