Learn More
We have previously shown that glycine binding sites on presynaptic NMDA receptors (NMDA-Rs) can tonically regulate glutamate release in the rat visual cortex. In the present study, we investigated the subunit composition of these presynaptic NMDA-Rs. We recorded miniature a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor-mediated(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a well-characterized form of synaptic plasticity that fulfills many of the criteria for the neural correlate of memory. LTP reversal (or depotentiation, DP) is thought to correlate with prevention or elimination of memory storage. LTP during and immediately after induction can be easily reversed by afferent stimulation, when(More)
OBJECTIVE More recently, evidence showed that the novel anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin- (IL-) 37 was expressed in the foam-like cells of atherosclerotic coronary and carotid artery plaques, suggesting that IL-37 is involved in atherosclerosis-related diseases. However, the plasma levels of IL-37 in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS,(More)
Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome, DS) is the most common human genetic anomaly associated with heart defects. Based on evolutionary conservation, DS-associated heart defects have been modeled in mice. By generating and analyzing mouse mutants carrying different genomic rearrangements in human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) syntenic regions, we found the triplication of the(More)
A large variability of paired-pulse plasticity (PPP) has been reported in CA3-CA1 synapses, and paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) has long been extensively used as a relative index of release probability (P(r)) from the presynaptic terminal. One of the most common ways of studying P(r) and PPP is to pass paired-pulse stimulation (PPS) through an electrode to(More)
Late-phase long-term potentiation (L-LTP) plays a very important role in the maintenance of long-term memory in hippocampus. However, studies have shown that L-LTP can be reversed by subsequent neuronal activity. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether the presynaptic mechanism and the change of AMPARs expressions are involved in the reversal(More)
Activity-dependent structural plasticity of dendritic spines of pyramidal neurons in the central neuron system has been proposed to be a cellular basis of learning and memory. Long-term potentiation (LTP) is accompanied by changes in synaptic morphology and structural remodeling of dendritic spines. However, there is considerable uncertainty as to the(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was performed in this study to amplify the major surface protein 5 (msp5) gene from the genomic DNA of Anaplasma marginale in Hyalomma asiaticum ticks by species-specific primers. Sequence analysis showed that the msp5 gene was 643 bases long and that the PCR products from the samples had an identical sequence(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin plays an important role in regulating glucose levels and fatty acid oxidation. Multiple studies have assessed the association between rs2241766 polymorphism in the adiponectin (ADIPOQ) gene and obesity susceptibility. However, the results are inconsistent and inconclusive. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate this(More)
BACKGROUND Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine with multiple effects on the body. For one thing, TSLP induces Th2 immunoreaction and facilitates allergic reaction; for another, it promotes the differentiation of naturally occurring CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (nTregs) and maintains immune tolerance. However, the exact role of TSLP in(More)