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We have previously shown that glycine binding sites on presynaptic NMDA receptors (NMDA-Rs) can tonically regulate glutamate release in the rat visual cortex. In the present study, we investigated the subunit composition of these presynaptic NMDA-Rs. We recorded miniature a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor-mediated(More)
Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome, DS) is the most common human genetic anomaly associated with heart defects. Based on evolutionary conservation, DS-associated heart defects have been modeled in mice. By generating and analyzing mouse mutants carrying different genomic rearrangements in human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) syntenic regions, we found the triplication of the(More)
Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome, DS) is the most common genetic cause of developmental cognitive deficits, and the so-called Down syndrome critical region (DSCR) has been proposed as a major determinant of this phenotype. The regions on human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) are syntenically conserved on mouse chromosome 10 (Mmu10), Mmu16 and Mmu17. DSCR is conserved(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was performed in this study to amplify the major surface protein 5 (msp5) gene from the genomic DNA of Anaplasma marginale in Hyalomma asiaticum ticks by species-specific primers. Sequence analysis showed that the msp5 gene was 643 bases long and that the PCR products from the samples had an identical sequence(More)
Activity-dependent structural plasticity of dendritic spines of pyramidal neurons in the central neuron system has been proposed to be a cellular basis of learning and memory. Long-term potentiation (LTP) is accompanied by changes in synaptic morphology and structural remodeling of dendritic spines. However, there is considerable uncertainty as to the(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a well-characterized form of synaptic plasticity that fulfills many of the criteria for the neural correlate of memory. LTP reversal (or depotentiation, DP) is thought to correlate with prevention or elimination of memory storage. LTP during and immediately after induction can be easily reversed by afferent stimulation, when(More)
Late-phase long-term potentiation (L-LTP) plays a very important role in the maintenance of long-term memory in hippocampus. However, studies have shown that L-LTP can be reversed by subsequent neuronal activity. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether the presynaptic mechanism and the change of AMPARs expressions are involved in the reversal(More)
The tumor-associated antigen, mucin4 (MUC4), is overexpressed on various epithelial malignancies, making it a potentially broadly applicable candidate vaccine therapy. In this paper, we report on the creation of a dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccine, using cells transduced with the universal DR-restricted Th helper epitope (PADRE) combined with human(More)
Recent research has indicated that MUC4 plays an important role in the development of many tumors and may prove useful as a novel cancer immunotherapy target. We aimed to identify HLA-A*0201-restrictive cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes of the cancer-associated antigen MUC4. The MUC4 sequence was scanned for immunogenic peptides using HLA-binding(More)