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CONTEXT No large-scale study has investigated the impact of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) on the outcome of standard short-course chemotherapy under routine countrywide TB control program conditions in the World Health Organization's (WHO) directly observed treatment short-course strategy for TB control. OBJECTIVE To assess the results of(More)
Chemokines play a major role in leukocyte recruitment during the formation of tuberculous granulomas. We studied the association between genetic polymorphisms of three chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), and(More)
BACKGROUND The Global Project on Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance has been gathering data since 1994. This study provides the latest data on the extent of drug resistance worldwide. METHODS Data for drug susceptibility were gathered from 90 726 patients in 83 countries and territories between 2002 and 2007. Standardised collection of results enabled(More)
A novel polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PRA) of the hsp65 gene was used for the routine identification of mycobacteria in a high throughput clinical laboratory. A total of 2036 clinical isolates were tested by PRA in conjunction with other methods. The PRA identification of M. tuberculosis complex was 100%(More)
The early bactericidal activities (EBAs) of 300 mg isoniazid, 18.5 mg isoniazid, 600 mg rifampicin and 800 mg ofloxacin given daily to 262 patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis in Cape Town, Nairobi, Madras and Hong Kong were measured by counting cfu and total acid-fast bacilli in sputum collections taken pre-treatment (S1), at 2 days (S3)(More)
SETTING Clinical trial in 672 patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis in Hong Kong. After an initial 2 months of a four-drug intensive phase consisting of thrice-weekly streptomycin, isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide (SHRZ), a random allocation was made to a continuation phase of once-weekly 600 mg rifapentine + 15 mg/kg isoniazid (HRp1),(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) inside the prison system of Hong Kong. METHOD Prospective territory-wide TB surveillance was conducted among prisoners in 24 correctional institutions. RESULTS From 1999 to 2005, 622 prevalent TB cases diagnosed before or within 3 months of incarceration and 214 incident cases diagnosed after(More)
BACKGROUND Onychomycosis in temperate countries has been studied extensively, but few data are available on its epidemiology in tropical countries. We performed a survey of patients seen in Hong Kong for the 8-year period from January 1987 to December 1994. METHODS A retrospective study of the mycology laboratory records of patients attending the(More)
AIM Mutations in rrs [nucleotide (nt) 1401], gyrA gene (codons 90, 91 or 94), tlyA, ethA and thyA genes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) were evaluated for their usefulness in predicting treatment outcome of kanamycin (KM), capreomycin (CPM), ofloxacin (OFX), ethionamide (ETH) and para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS). METHODS AND RESULTS DNA sequence(More)