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Three-dimensional models provide a volumetric representation of space which is important for a variety of robotic applications including flying robots and robots that are equipped with manipulators. In this paper, we present an open-source framework to generate volumetric 3D environment models. Our mapping approach is based on octrees and uses probabilistic(More)
— In this paper, we present an approach for mod-eling 3D environments based on octrees using a probabilistic occupancy estimation. Our technique is able to represent full 3D models including free and unknown areas. It is available as an open-source library to facilitate the development of 3D mapping systems. We also provide a detailed review of existing(More)
This paper addresses the problem of exploring an unknown environment with a team of mobile robots. The key issue in coordinated multi-robot exploration is how to assign target locations to the individual robots such that the overall mission time is minimized. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to distribute the robots over the environment that takes(More)
This paper addresses the problem of vegetation detection from laser measurements. The ability to detect vegetation is important for robots operating outdoors, since it enables a robot to navigate more efficiently and safely in such environments. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for detecting low, grass-like vegetation using laser remission values.(More)
In this paper, we present a novel multi-resolution approach to efficiently mapping 3D environments. Our representation models the environment as a hierarchy of probabilistic 3D maps, in which each submap is updated and transformed individually. In addition to the formal description of the approach, we present an implementation for tabletop manipulation(More)
In this paper, we present a localization method for humanoid robots navigating in arbitrary complex indoor environments using only onboard sensing. Reliable and accurate localization for humanoid robots operating in such environments is a challenging task. First, humanoids typically execute motion commands rather inaccurately and odometry can be estimated(More)
In this paper we focus on the multi-robot perception problem, and present an experimentally validated end-to-end multi-robot mapping framework, enabling individual robots in a team to see beyond their individual sensor horizons. The inference part of our system is the DDF-SAM algorithm [1], which provides a decentralized communication and inference scheme,(More)
In the past, there has been a tremendous advance in the area of simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). However, there are relatively few approaches for incorporating prior information or knowledge about structural similarities into the mapping process. Consider, for example, office buildings in which most of the offices have an identical geometric(More)
The ability to reliably detect vegetation is an important requirement for outdoor navigation with mobile robots as it enables the robot to navigate more efficiently and safely. In this paper, we present an approach to detect flat vegetation, such as grass, which cannot be identified using range measurements. This type of vegetation is typically found in(More)
— The designer of a mapping system for mobile robots has to choose how to model the environment of the robot. Popular models are feature maps and grid maps. Depending on the structure of the environment, each representation has certain advantages. In this paper, we present an approach that maintains feature maps as well as grid maps of the environment. This(More)