Kai Kretzschmar

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Intestinal crypts display robust regeneration upon injury. The relatively rare secretory precursors can replace lost stem cells, but it is unknown if the abundant enterocyte progenitors that express the Alkaline phosphate intestinal (Alpi) gene also have this capacity. We created an Alpi-IRES-CreERT2 (Alpi(CreER)) knockin allele for lineage tracing. Marked(More)
Fibroblasts are the major mesenchymal cell type in connective tissue and deposit the collagen and elastic fibres of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Even within a single tissue, fibroblasts exhibit considerable functional diversity, but it is not known whether this reflects the existence of a differentiation hierarchy or is a response to different(More)
Hair follicle formation depends on reciprocal epidermal-dermal interactions and occurs during skin development, but not in adult life. This suggests that the properties of dermal fibroblasts change during postnatal development. To examine this, we used a PdgfraEGFP mouse line to isolate GFP-positive fibroblasts from neonatal skin, adult telogen and anagen(More)
In postnatal skin the transcription factor Sox2 is expressed in the dermal papilla (DP) of guard/awl/auchene hair follicles and by mechanosensory Merkel cells in the touch domes of guard hairs. To investigate the consequences of Sox2 ablation in skin we deleted Sox2 in DP cells via Blimp1Cre and in Merkel cells via K14Cre. Loss of Sox2 from the DP did not(More)
Phenotype and commitment of thymus-colonizing precursors are unknown. Here we report the identification of T lineage-committed precursors (designated prothymocytes) in murine fetal blood at day 15.5 of development. Fetal blood pro-thymocytes are Thy-1+c-kit(low)CD3- in contrast to fetal blood-derived pluripotent hematopoietic progenitors which are(More)
To investigate the role of the receptor-type tyrosine kinase, c-kit and its ligand, stem cell factor (SCF) in T cell development, we analyzed c-kit (W/W) and SCF (SI/SI) deficient mice. We also engrafted wild-type or SCF-deficient fetal thymi onto wild-type recipient mice and analyzed the rate of proliferation by in vivo bromodeoxyuridine labeling. The(More)
In neonatal mouse skin, two types of dermal papilla (DP) are distinguished by Sox2 expression: CD133+Sox2+ DP are associated with guard/awl/auchene hairs, whereas CD133+Sox2- DP are associated with zigzag (ZZ) hairs. We describe a three-dimensional hydrogel culture system that supports clonal growth of CD133+Sox2+, CD133+Sox2-, and CD133-Sox2- (non-DP)(More)
B-lymphocyte-induced nuclear maturation protein 1 (BLIMP1) was previously reported to define a sebaceous gland (SG) progenitor population in the epidermis. However, the recent identification of multiple stem cell populations in the hair follicle junctional zone has led us to re-evaluate its function. We show, in agreement with previous studies, that BLIMP1(More)
1. The production of heat (h) and work (w) and the changes in phosphocreatine (PCr) and ATP have been measured on tetanized isolated frog muscles (unpoisoned and in oxygen at 0 degrees C) during shortening at constant velocity and during isometric contraction (both without relaxation). The former type of contraction was designed to maximize the fraction(More)