Kai Kallenberg

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Several molecular subtypes of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease have been identified and electroencephalogram and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers have been reported to support clinical diagnosis but with variable utility according to subtype. In recent years, a series of publications have demonstrated a potentially important role for magnetic resonance(More)
An empirical equation for the magnetization transfer (MT) FLASH signal is derived by analogy to dual-excitation FLASH, introducing a novel semiquantitative parameter for MT, the percentage saturation imposed by one MT pulse during TR. This parameter is obtained by a linear transformation of the inverse signal, using two reference experiments of proton(More)
Storage and periodic expulsion of urine by the bladder are controlled by central pathways and organized as simple on-off switching circuits. Several reports concerning aspects of micturition control have identified distinct regions in the brainstem, like the pontine micturition center (PMC) and the periaqueductal gray (PAG), as well as the cerebellum, basal(More)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disorder with a worldwide incidence of 1-1.5 per million. As in other countries, a CJD surveillance unit with a clinical and neuropathological approach was established in Goettingen (Germany) in 1993. Here we report the epidemiological data from a prospective 12-year surveillance. Since(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We aimed to determine the diagnostic value of perfusion computed tomography (PCT) and CT angiography (CTA) including CTA source images (CTA-SI) in comparison with perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (PWI) and diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in acute stroke <6 hours. METHODS Noncontrast-enhanced CT, PCT, CTA, stroke MRI,(More)
We analysed the clinical and radiological findings and the long-term outcome after 49 +/- 34 months in 75 patients (42 men, aged 67 +/- 11 years) with spontaneous cerebellar haemorrhage (SCH). At the follow-up examination, 36 patients had died. Outcome was excellent [Rankin Scale (RS) score 0 + 1] in 22 survivors, 4 patients were moderately (RS score 2 + 3)(More)
BACKGROUND With respect to sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), six molecular subtypes (MM1, MM2, MV1, MV2, VV1, and VV2) have been described, which vary with respect to age at disease onset, disease duration, early symptoms, and neuropathology. MRI signal alterations were reported to correlate with distinct Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) subtypes.(More)
The present study combined molecular and neuroimaging techniques to examine if free radical-mediated damage to barrier function in hypoxia would result in extracellular edema, raise intracranial pressure (ICP) and account for the neurological symptoms typical of high-altitude headache (HAH) also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS). Twenty-two subjects(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) based on blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast is the most widely used technique for imaging human brain function. However, the dynamic interplay of altered cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and oxidative metabolism (CMRO2) is not yet fully understood. One of the characteristics(More)
OBJECTIVE Based on recent findings of microhemorrhages (MHs) in the corpus callosum (CC) in 3 individuals after nonfatal high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE), we hypothesized that hemosiderin depositions in the brain after high-altitude exposure are specific for HACE and remain detectable over many years. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study involving(More)