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An empirical equation for the magnetization transfer (MT) FLASH signal is derived by analogy to dual-excitation FLASH, introducing a novel semiquantitative parameter for MT, the percentage saturation imposed by one MT pulse during TR. This parameter is obtained by a linear transformation of the inverse signal, using two reference experiments of proton(More)
Several molecular subtypes of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease have been identified and electroencephalogram and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers have been reported to support clinical diagnosis but with variable utility according to subtype. In recent years, a series of publications have demonstrated a potentially important role for magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MR imaging has played an increasingly important role in the diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) since basal ganglia abnormalities on T2-weighted images have been described; thus, the aim of our study was to compare the value of different MR images in the diagnosis of CJD. METHODS One hundred fifty-seven patients with CJD(More)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disorder with a worldwide incidence of 1-1.5 per million. As in other countries, a CJD surveillance unit with a clinical and neuropathological approach was established in Goettingen (Germany) in 1993. Here we report the epidemiological data from a prospective 12-year surveillance. Since(More)
BACKGROUND With respect to sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), six molecular subtypes (MM1, MM2, MV1, MV2, VV1, and VV2) have been described, which vary with respect to age at disease onset, disease duration, early symptoms, and neuropathology. MRI signal alterations were reported to correlate with distinct Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) subtypes.(More)
The present study applied T2- and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging to examine if mild cerebral edema and subsequent brain swelling are implicated in the pathophysiology of acute mountain sickness (AMS). Twenty-two subjects were examined in normoxia (21% O2), after 16 hours passive exposure to normobaric hypoxia (12% O2) corresponding to a(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, six molecular subtypes of sporadic CJD (sCJD) have been identified showing differences regarding the disease course, neuropathologic lesion patterns, and sensitivity to diagnostic tools. Only isolated cases of the rare VV1 type have been reported so far. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical characteristics and neuropathologic lesion(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High cortical signal intensity on diffusion-weighted (DW) or fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images is increasingly described in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD). The aim of this study was to assess the extent and location of high cortical signal intensity, to investigate whether DW or FLAIR is superior in showing(More)
The most frequent primary brain tumors, anaplastic astrocytomas (AA) and glioblastomas (GBM): tend to invasion of the surrounding brain. Histopathological studies found malignant cells in macroscopically unsuspicious brain parenchyma remote from the primary tumor, even affecting the contralateral hemisphere. In early stages, diffuse interneural infiltration(More)